Advanced English Syntax

Problem 1: Select the correct structure for the following sentence: What will they say next?
(a) S
What S’
Aux
will
S
NP
they
VP
V’
V’
V
say
ti
AdvP
next
(b) CP
Whati C’
C
willj
S
NP
they
AuxP
Aux’
tj VP
V’
V’
V
say
ti
AdvP
next
(c) CP
Whati C’
C
Ø
AuxP
Aux’
Aux
will
S
NP
they
VP
V’
V’
V
say
ti
AdvP
next
(d) S
What VP
V’
V
will
S
NP
they
VP
V’
V’
V
say
AdvP
next
1
Problem 2: Select the correct structure for the following sentence: They know where they are going.
(a) CP
NP
Theyj
C’
C
Ø
S
tj VP
V
know
CP
Whwherei
C’
C
Ø
S
NP
they
AuxP
Aux
are
VP
V’
V
going
ti
(b) S
NP
They
VP
V’
V
know
Whwhere
S
NP
they
AuxP
Aux
are
VP
V’
V
going
(c) S
NP
They
VP
V’
V
know
V’
whwhere
S
NP
they
AuxP
Aux
are
VP
V’
V
going
(d) S
NP
They
VP
V’
V
know
CP
Whwherei
C’
C
Ø
S
NP
they
AuxP
Aux
are
VP
V’
V
going
ti
Problem 3: What is the principle that rules out sentences like the following:
*What did who see?
a. Multiple interrogative phrases in a single clause are ungrammatical
b. Wh- words referring to people (who) always take precedence over wh- words referring to
things (what)
c. The interrogative phrase closest to CP must move to CP
d. The sentence is uninterpretable
2
Problem 4: What is the principle that rules out sentences like the following:
*Where they found that?
a. There is no gap in the clause that can relate to where
b. The clause following that is an island for movement.
c. Non-subject questions require an auxiliary in C position.
d. The sentence is uninterpretable.
Problem 5: Which trace correctly indicates the base position of the interrogative pronoun what?
Whati did the chef say ti they wanted ti him to cook ti for the president ti?
(a) (b) (c) (d)
Do the following sentences exhibit stranding or pied-piping of a preposition?
Problem 6: Where did you come from?
a. Stranding
b. Pied-piping
Problem 7: In what do you believe?
a. Stranding
b. Pied-piping
Problem 8: Out of which door did they emerge?
a. Stranding
b. Pied-piping
Problem 9: What did they do that for in the first place?
a. Stranding
b. Pied-piping
For the following ungrammatical sentences, identify the kind of island that the interrogative phrase is
moving out from.
Problem 10: *Whoi did you see ti and George?
a. adjunct island
b. coordinate structure island
c. wh- island
Problem 11: *Whoi will you leave the party if you see ti there?
a. adjunct island
b. coordinate structure island
c. wh- island
Problem 12: *Which movie did you wonder who wanted to see ti?
a. adjunct island
b. coordinate structure island
c. wh- island
3
Identify the type of phenomenon that each of the following sentences exemplifies.
Problem 13:
These symbols, nobody has been able to decipher.
a. left dislocation
b. wh- movement
c. topicalization
d. no movement or special construction
Problem 14:
How could they have done that?
a. left dislocation
b. wh- movement
c. topicalization
d. no movement or special construction
Problem 15:
My iguana, he almost bit my finger off.
a. left dislocation
b. wh- movement
c. topicalization
d. no movement or special construction
Problem 16:
This iguana, apparently, almost bit my finger off.
a. left dislocation
b. wh- movement
c. topicalization
d. no movement or special construction
Identify the type of question that the following sentences exemplifies.
Problem 17:
Why do you think they awarded him the prize?
a. subject question
b. object question
c. preposition phrase question
d. adjunct question
Problem 18:
Which movie did you see the other day?
a. subject question
b. object question
c. preposition phrase question
d. adjunct question
Problem 19:
Who went to the store and bought eggs?
a. subject question
b. object question
c. preposition phrase question
d. adjunct question
Problem 20:
To whom did they award the nobel prize this year?
a. subject question
b. object question
c. preposition phrase question
d. adjunct question