Application: Part Two: Socio-Ecological Assessment

Application: Part Two: Socio-Ecological Assessment
Socio-ecological assessments aid health professionals in determining which factors, individual or environmental, most influence health. Additionally, socio-ecological assessments may help establish evidence of the social determinants of health that can explain observed differences with respect to health disparities.
For this Assignment, use the same population and health issue that you selected for your Application in Week 5. Consider the social determinants of health and how they may influence the health issue for your population.
The Assignment (2 pages)
• Describe the population and health issue you selected, including why both the population and issue are important for the health profession.
• Explain which two social determinants of health most impact the health issue for this population and why.
• Explain how the social determinants of health that you selected impact the health behavior of your population and why.
Support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style to ensure that your in-text citations and reference list are correct.
Application: Part One: Socio-Ecological Assessment
Socio-ecological assessments can help identify the interactions between individual behavior and social environments. As individual behavioral and social environments interact, the dynamics of this interaction may influence health. These interactions allow health professionals to be cognizant of how vast and varied the field of public health can be. Remembering always to be open to change and interpretation, the influence of these interactions on health can provide valuable cues for policy development and the promotion of positive health outcomes.
For example, a socio-ecological assessment can explain what factors contribute to HIV/AIDS prevalence among intravenous (IV) drug users:
• Individual factors—risky behavior: sharing needles
• Societal factors—stigma and discrimination
• Socioeconomic and political factors—increased drug use in poor and marginalized communities
In seeking to conduct a socio-ecological assessment, you should keep three steps in mind:
1. Consider determinants and interconnections
2. Use theories to help identify the socio-ecological systems levels to target for change
3. Review the evidence to ensure more than one system level is targeted
For this Assignment, select a population and a health issue you are interested in. Note: Do not use HIV/AIDS as your health issue. Consider health disparities that may exist in this population in relation to the health issue you selected.
The Assignment (2 pages)
• Describe the population and health issue you selected and explain how this health issue represents a social problem for your population.
• Describe the indicators (e.g., incidence, mortality, morbidity, and hospitalizations) related to the issue and explain how the factors contribute to health disparities observed in your selected population.
• Explain how health behaviors within your population contribute to the risks observed and what factors perpetuate certain risk-related behaviors.
Support your work with specific citations from this week’s Learning Resources and additional scholarly sources as appropriate. Refer to the Essential Guide to APA Style to ensure that your in-text citations and reference list are correct.