archaeological significance of the Niah Cave
1) I want you to write a paper on the archaeological significance of the Niah Cave complex, by concentrating on several major topics.
2) The topics are as follows:
— What are some of the ways that the cave complex has figured in the prehistory of the region? What problems have occurred in how the site has been excavated? How does the occupation of this cave figure in the ongoing debate about whether or not humans can successfully adapt to rainforest environments?
— What importance does the cave system have for understanding the first incursion of fully modern peoples into Southeast Asia and eventually Australasia?
— How does the data recovered at this site contribute to our present knowledge of how agriculture got started and how it was practiced in Southeast Asia? Was the development of agriculture in this part of the world sudden and revolutionary? Was it an indigenous or exogenous development? How did farmers use the cave in comparison to hunter-gatherers?
3) The paper length will be 10 more pages. It will consist of 10 pages of text, and one or more pages of cited references. You should consult and list at least ten references (an encyclopedia, a dictionary, or Wikipedia as one of the 10 required sources). I request that you use primary sources, i.e., that you make an honest attempt to get original source materials rather than second-hand treatments. You may access second-hand sources (like the internet or newspapers) to help you better understand the subject matter, but it is preferable to cite original works in the paper. It is acceptable to use online journal references (or any other sources published verbatim online with the original page numbers).
Formatting Requirements for the Term Paper (Anth. 161):
1) Margins: 1.5″ on left; 1″ on top, right, and bottom
2) Main Body of Text: Double-spaced
3) Fonts: 10 or 12 size (12 is standard); please use Times font style
4) Text Pages (10 minimum), and References Cited page(s)
(a minimum of 10 references)
5) The paper should have one paragraph as an Introduction (summary of the problem, what will be
covered, possible hint at the conclusions, etc.). The ensuing parts of the paper should be coherently
organized by using subheadings to separate major sections of the paper. There should be a logical
flow between major sections of the paper (evidenced both in thought and words). The paper should be
well thought out in its organization, rather than merely put together haphazardly (use the subheadings to
give it organization). The text should be ended with a short Conclusion or Summary section.
6) All references mentioned in the text of the paper have to be properly cited on a References Cited page
that follows the main text. You can put the References Cited heading right at the top margin of the
page, then come down 2 double-spaces to begin listing your sources.
7) All references listed in the back of the paper must be listed alphabetically by surname, and followed by
date of publication, and specific reference material. Entries can be single-spaced, with a double-space
8) Examples of different kinds of references cited (hypothetical):
Linden, David J.
2009 The Accidental Mind: How Brain Evolution Has Given Us Love, Memory, Dreams, and
God. Cambridge (MA): Belknap Press. [a book title]
n.d. The concept of trait transmission in chimps. MS. [example of ref where there is no
author listed, no date of publication, and it is a manuscript]
2001 Development of Genetic Theory During the 1970s. Journal of Modern Genetics 13(2):43-
47. [a journal article]
2002 The Not So Selfish Meme. Memetics Today 6(3):2-5. [example of more than one ref by
2008 Great Ape Connections. In New Concepts in Genetic Science, R. G. Matson and D. D.
Gish, eds., pp. 54-65. Paris: Mouflon Publishers. [example of article in a book]
2001 The Dog-on-the-Leash Principle. <https://www.memetheory.org> [internet ref. example]
1999a Imitative Behaviors. Boston: Houghton-Miflin. [example of refs by one author in same yr]
1999b Is the Bonobo Unique? San Francisco: Academic Publishing House.
9) References must be listed in the text in order to show where you got your information. It is generally
done by putting the source in parentheses. For example: Davou (2001) identifies the brain as the chief
area where memes reside. If you give very specific information from a source, such as numerical figures
or very specific knowledge from a reference, you must give the page numbers where it is found. If you are
merely summarizing the main conclusion from an entire reference, then you do not need to give specific
10) If you give a citation that is a direct quote, you must follow it with the author’s name, date of publication, and page numbers. For example: Robertson says that, “Traits are permanently tied to genes and can never operate independently of them” (2001:13-14). Use quotes sparingly (short ones– no more than 10 total).