Archaeology Practicum

Archaeology Practicum

The Garbage Project
The fabled Garbage Project has extended its study to Southern Illinois and is interested in employing
archaeological methods to reconstruct consumption patterns for residents in the Carbondale area. Phil
Juncman, the director of the project, has selected you to fill one of his coveted research assistantships.
You are responsible for analyzing a portion of the recently produced material record, or, in other words,
the contents of two trash cans. You will produce a report with your conclusions for Juncman. The trash
cans, that archeologists call “features,” are located next to the anthropology department. The anthropology
department is located on the Third Floor of Faner Hall, above the Museum. The trash cans are
in a display case beside Room 3438, in front of anthropology students’ lounge room.
You are to conduct a detailed analysis of the features and support your interpretations on the
basis of these observations. Assume that the trash was accumulated at a normal rate over a couple of
weeks. Your report needs to fully answer the following questions:
1. Construct a complete inventory of the artifacts visible in the profiles in features A & B.
2. Based on your inventories, discuss the range of activities represented in the two features.
3. In each of the features, list two cases in which you are able to reconstruct which objects were
deposited first. In each of the features list two cases in which such a reconstruction is not
obvious.
4. Prepare a description of the individuals who might have produced this trash and the location
and co nditio ns under which it may have been deposited. Your answer should include
a discussion on age, sex, and number of individuals represented. You should also assess
(when appropriate) diet, personal habits, socioeconomic status, and time of year the trash
was deposited.
5. Would you be able to make the same description you produced in number 4 if you only
had the smaller feature to examine? If not, what information would be lacking if you could
only analyze the smaller feature?
Your first paragraph should be an introduction to the project. Then you should cover all of the
above points for the assignment in a logical order. Feel free to expand beyond these points but you
must answer everything included h ere. End the proj ect with a conclusion, summarizing the results
and the reasons behind them.
This project report is to be at least three pages long, typed, double-spaced, 12-point font, and
in compositional form. The margins should be no larger than one inch. You must answer all of the
above questions.