1. What is Aristotle’s general characterization of a soul? Is the soul separable from the body? Why or why not? Aristotle also identifies the soul as having individual capacities or faculties. Briefly discuss these faculties and explain how Aristotle uses them to argue against the immortality of the soul. Finally, are these arguments persuasive? You should provide at least one argument for or against Aristotle’s view of the soul
Part II – Ethics: Answer Two Questions.
1. According to Aristotle, is the highest or best life identified with physical pleasure, wealth, honor, amusement, or study (contemplation)? Explain your answer. Your answer should include a discussion of Aristotle.s function argument. Refer to relevant sections of the text in your response.
2. What is virtue, and how do we acquire it? Your answer should include a discussion of the two main types of human virtue and the doctrine of the mean. Illustrate your answer by discussing a 2 specific virtue. Finally, how does Aristotle’s view of virtue differ from Plato’s view of virtue? Identify specific differences.
3. Does Aristotle agree with Socrates that all wrongdoing is involuntary? Are we responsible for wrongdoing done in ignorance? Why or why not? Your response should clearly distinguish the views of Aristotle from the views of Socrates, include a discussion of the 4 kinds of actions, and explain the difference between choice and wish.