Aristotle and Plato Comparison

 

 

Description: Answer the question: Of Plato and Aristotle, which philosopher would agree with which sister and why? (Hint: there is a fight answer to this question. One will agree with one sister,
and the other philosopher with the other.)
• Present one introductory paragraph succinctly paraphrasing the sisters’ situation, ending with a thesis statement answering the question above.
• Present one page (500 words) answering the question from Plato’s perspective. Make sure to explain and apply all relevant arguments we have read this semester. In doing so, answer the following
questions: What aspects of Plato’s ‘defense’ of the existence of the soul might Melinda use? What argument(s) would Melinda make? Why? How would Melissa respond to Melinda’s argument(s)? What
weaknesses in Melinda’s Platonic argument(s) might Melissa exploit? Explain.
• Present a page (500 words) answering the question of whether Matthew has a soul and whether it is right to pull the plug on him from Aristotle’s perspective. Make sure to explain and apply all
relevant arguments we have read this semester. Make sure to explain Aristotle’s basic orientation, how it is rooted in his view of language, and his ideas on the soul. How might Melissa apply these
ideas to further her own view? How might Melinda, assuming an Aristotelian understanding, respond?
• Present a page (500 words) evaluating the comparative worth of Plato and Aristotle’s views. Which philosopher do you most agree with, disagree with, why? As far as having the ‘other’ sister
respond, you can go about in several ways: (a) disagree with the philosopher directly (e.g., point out a weakness in his argument); (b) disagree with the application of the philosopher to this
situation; (c) use another aspect of the philosopher’s theory that would support the other sister’s conclusion.