Bibiography

Bibiography

Locates fifteen scholarly articles that support the research topic and school of thought choice.

Applies critical thinking and analysis to scholarly articles and thoroughly supports arguments.
Using the literature that you have found to support your research paper and school of thought, create an annotated bibliography summarizing the articles. This bibliography will be used in the next unit to defend your school of thought choice.
Criteria
•    Minimum of 15 resources.
•    Resources should be relevant to, and support, your research paper and demonstrate that your choice of school of thought is appropriate.
•    Each resource should be listed in proper APA format and followed by an annotation that evaluates the ideas discussed.

PTSD

PTSD
Introduction
Life challenges may have a traumatic effect on people’s behavioral patterns. The experiences that individuals go through determine their future psychological undertakings. Psychologists found it necessary to analyze the expectations from the society members in dealing with traumatized individuals (Marr, 2010). The objective of this paper is to make an analysis of the Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) with respect to the Behaviorism school of thought.
Research topic and questions
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) refers to a mind state those results from a terrifying occurrence after an experience or witness. The mental condition results in flashbacks, nightmares, anxiety and uncontrollable thoughts regarding the event (Watrin, 2012). People going through traumatic events may have a difficult in adjusting to the normal life processes. Quality self-care facilitates the healing process (Goddard, 2014). The anxiety levels are related to all life processes that are affected at varying proportions.
In researching on PTSD, the questions will relate to;
What kind of a traumatic event was the individual exposed to?
Was the trauma assault-based or non-assault based?
What is the age of the individual suffering the PTSD?
Does the individual discuss the stressor event?
(Marr, 2010)
Research summary
Researching on the PTSD calls for an understanding of the basic factors that play a key role in dealing with the stress condition.  Determination of genetics and other factors is necessary in addressing the complication at the most fundamental details. Questioning the affected individual advances the general principles on the side effects that may be part of the solution-finding mission (Goddard, 2014). Individuals are supposed to make an analysis of their experiences in providing a clear picture regarding the related results that worsen the normal living process. The researcher is also expected to determine the measures that the affected individuals take in ensuring that they do not go through the traumatic experiences again.
The behaviorism school of thought
Behaviorism is a psychological approach that details philosophies, methodologies and theories. It was started in the twentieth century to react to the mentalist psychology. PTSD patients have changed behavioral patterns that are different from the rest of the individuals within the society. They will always keep off the events that contributed to the trauma effect at all cost (Watrin, 2012). The stimulus-response principle explains the stimulus as the traumatic event that determines the Posttraumatic stress disorder as the response or the reaction. Reactions will be manifested in the different life practices that are part of the PTSD. Reminders of the past traumatic experiences will result in unusual behaviors that are not preferred by the other society members.
Assumptions
In PTSD, mind/body dualism does not exist. Everything that the patient does is part of his behavior but not the mind. This assumption helps researchers in analyzing the right attributes as part quality healing process. The PSTD reactions can be observed and measured. The responsiveness advances the rate of psychological procedures necessary in discovering the stimuli that causes behavior. Learners in the ordinary world may not be passive but they play an active role within their environment. The PSTD experiences are an outcome of the learning by doing process.  The learning is therefore a behavioral change after the various experiences.
Conclusion
A research on PTSD responds to a number of questions valuable in understanding the history of psychology.  A quality analysis of the psychological condition is well discussed under the behaviorism school of thought (Goddard, 2014). Different assumptions provide a quality research process of value to psychologists.

References
Goddard, J. (2014). Critical psychiatry, critical psychology, and the behaviourism of B. F.
Skinner: Review of General Psychology, 18(3), 208-215
Marr, J. (2010). Muscular tension: An explanation from a methodological behaviourism,
10(3), 364-380
Watrin, J. (2012).  On behaviourism in the cognitive revolution: Myth and reactions.16(3),
269-282