BUS 3 09 Assignments and Rubrics Assignment 2: Case Study 9.5: Swedish Daddies;
Read Case 9.5: Swedish Daddies, located on page 351 of your textbook. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you answer the following questions: 1. If you have, or plan to have, children, what sort of balance do you seek between career and family life? Do you believe that the mindset of corporate America is conducive to the type of work and family arrangement that would suit you? 2. Should the United States require companies to provide paid maternity leave? Should it assist them to do so? What about paternity leave? 3. Should specialized organizational arrangements be made for workers who wish to combine career and child raising? Suppose specialized organizational arrangements must be made for such workers. Identify steps that companies can take to accommodate parental needs more effectively. 4. Does a firm have an obligation to give employees the flexibility to work out the particular balance of career and family that is right for them? Or does this go beyond the social responsibilities of business? 5. Cite your textbook as a reference. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: ? Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. ? Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: ? Analyze the concepts of public safety and government regulation along with the role of business responsibility. ? Recommend ways in which businesses can be partners with nature by applying the concepts of business ethics, business ecology, and environmental ethics. ? Use technology and information resources to research issues in business ethics. ? Write clearly and concisely about business ethics using proper writing mechanics.
Comments from Support Team: This is Swedish Daddies<br /> Years ago, the famous economist Paul Samuelson quipped that “women are <br /> just men with less money.” He was referring to the financially dependent<br /> position of women at that time, when they were unlikely to be employed <br /> outside the home and, if they were, were likely to earn substantially <br /> less than men. That has now changed for the better. Although women have <br /> yet to achieve full equity at the highest levels of business, they <br /> constitute nearly half the U.S. workforce, and their pay is not so very <br /> far behind that of men. Moreover, with the decline of manufacturing and <br /> the growing importance of the service sector in today’s economy, brain <br /> power matters more than brawn. Here women can compete as well as men, <br /> and they have proved their value to employers over and over again. In <br /> fact, they now outnumber men in professional and managerial positions. <br /> And, with women continuing to graduate from college at a higher rate and<br /> in greater numbers than men, their future looks bright.121 But for many<br /> women there is one continuing source of frustration. They often feel <br /> forced to choose between motherhood and a high-powered career. Jobs that<br /> offer the hours and flexibility that suit women with family <br /> responsibilities tend to pay less, while the most financially rewarding <br /> jobs frequently require brutal hours and total commitment to the job. <br /> And the higher you go, the rougher it gets. Not only must those who want<br /> to fight their way to the top of the corporate world work long, <br /> grueling hours, but they are also often expected to gain experience <br /> working in different departments and divisions and even in different <br /> countries. That tends to rule out women with family commitments. As a <br /> result, women with children, especially single mothers, earn less on <br /> average than men do while childless women earn almost as much as men. <br /> Over the years, some business writers have argued that we should simply <br /> accept this fact and that companies should distinguish between the <br /> career-primary woman and the career-and-family woman. Those in the first<br /> category put their careers first. They remain single or childless or, <br /> if they do have children, are satisfied to have others raise them. The <br /> automatic association of all women with babies is unfair to these women,<br /> argues Felice N. Schwartz, an organizer and advocate for working women.<br /> “The secret to dealing with such women,” she writes, “is to recognize <br /> them early, accept them, and clear artificial barriers from their path <br /> to the top.” The majority of women, however, fall into the second <br /> category. They want to pursue genuine careers while participating <br /> actively in the rearing of their children. Most of them, Schwartz and <br /> others believe, are willing to trade some career growth and compensation<br /> for freedom from the constant pressure to work long hours and weekends.<br /> By forcing these women to choose between family and career, companies <br /> lose a valuable resource and a competitive advantage. Instead, f irms <br /> must plan for and manage maternity, they must provide the flexibility to<br /> help career-and-family women be maximally productive, and they must <br /> take an active role in providing family support and in making <br /> high-quality, affordable child care available to all women. In other <br /> words, companies should provide women with the option of a comfortable, <br /> but slower “mommy track.” Although distinguishing between career-primary<br /> women and career-and-family women seems reasonable and humane, there’s <br /> rarely any mention of fathers or of shared parental responsibility for <br /> raising children. The mommy track idea also takes for granted the <br /> existing values, structures, and biases of a corporate world that is <br /> still male dominated. As authors Barbara Ehrenreich and Deidre English <br /> write, “Eventually it is the corporate culture itself that needs to slow<br /> down to a human pace . . . [and end] workloads that are incompatible <br /> with family life.” One country that is trying to push things in a new <br /> direction is Sweden. Whereas America stands almost alone in the world in<br /> not guaranteeing women paid maternity leave, Sweden provides sixteen <br /> months paid leave per child, with the costs shared between the employer <br /> and the government. However—and this is what is novel—at least two of <br /> these months are reserved for fathers. No father is forced to take baby <br /> leave, but the leave is nontransferable so it’s “use it or lose it.” And<br /> more and more men are using it. In fact, more than eight in ten Swedish<br /> fathers now take advantage of parental leave. And some Swedish <br /> politicians are arguing that more months—perhaps, half of them—should be<br /> exclusively for fathers. Germany has now followed Sweden’s lead. In <br /> 2007 it began guaranteeing fathers two months’ paternity leave. No <br /> country, however, has gone further toward parental equity than Iceland. <br /> It reserves three months of parental leave for the father and three <br /> months for the mother, and allows parents to share an additional three <br /> months. In the meantime, the paternity-leave law is helping to redefine <br /> masculinity in Sweden. Take game warden Mikael Karlson. A former soldier<br /> who owns a snowmobile, two hunting dogs, and five guns, he’s a man’s <br /> man. Cradling his twomonth-old baby girl in his arms, he says he cannot <br /> imagine not taking parental leave. “Everyone does it.” Not only does his<br /> wife agree, but she says that he never looks more attractive to her <br /> than “when he is in the forest with his rifle over his shoulder and the <br /> baby on his back.” Some men admit that they were unsure of themselves at<br /> first—the cooking, cleaning, and sleepless nights—but that they <br /> adjusted to it and even liked it. One Swedish father calls it a <br /> “life-changing experience.” “Many men no longer want to be identified <br /> just by their jobs,” says Bengt Westerberg, who as deputy prime minister<br /> helped to bring the law about. “Many women now expect their husbands to<br /> take at least some time off with the children.” “Now men can have it <br /> all—a successful career and being a responsible daddy,” adds Birgitta <br /> Ohlsson, another government minister. “It’s a new kind of manly. It’s <br /> more wholesome.” Some also think the paternity-leave law is the reason <br /> that the divorce rate in Sweden has declined in recent years. There are,<br /> however, stories of companies’ discouraging men from taking long baby <br /> leaves, and managers admit that parental leave can be disruptive. Still,<br /> by and large Swedish business has adapted, and many companies find that<br /> a family- friendly work environment helps them attract talented <br /> employees. “Graduates used to look for big paychecks,” says one human <br /> resources manager. “Now they want work-life balance.”