Case studies

Case Studies Choose one of the following case studies and discuss it using one of the ethical theories summarized for you in the document: Summary of Ethical Theories
Case Study 1: Violent Lyric A rap CD contains lyrics that appear to advocate violence against women. The lyrics suggest that women are sexually excited by being slapped and receiving other forms of
physical and verbal abuse. They lyrics also suggest that men can take a woman’s protest as a way of actually giving consent to sexual intercourse and that rape is a myth. In response to criticism,
members of the rap group say that they have a right to advocate their views and that they sincerely believe males in our society need to reclaim their masculinity. Critics of the group argue that
the group encourages rape and abuse of women. Defenders of the group either agree with the group’s philosophy or argue that freedom of expression should override other considerations. Which side
has the stronger moral argument?
Case Study 2: An Unusual Request
James Harrison is a 17 year old high school senior and honors student. He has been studying the world population problem and is convinced that the explosive growth of the human population must be
stopped. In an attempt to do his part to slow population growth, he asks his local physician for a vasectomy. His physician refuses, arguing that Harrison is not mature enough to make such a
decision. Harrison argues that people his age are not prevented from climbing mountains, racing cars, engaging in risky sexual practices, and doing many other things that can affect their lives in
even more serious ways. Therefore, he should be allowed to have a vasectomy if he wants one. Was his physician morally justified in her decision?

Case Study 3: Should the Physician Tell?
While 75 year old Ethel Morgan is undergoing a routine hernia operation, the surgeon discovers that she has one undescended testicle. The surgeon informs Morgan’s family physician, who orders a
genetic analysis. The analysis shows that she is genetically male. The family physician knows that Morgan was never able to have children and that she has one adopted daughter. He also knows that
she is happily married and that both she and her husband would be deeply disturbed if they knew about the undescended testicle and the genetic analysis. Should the physician reveal the information?
Should he have ordered the genetic tests? What if Morgan were 21 instead of 75?.