Descartes – First Mediation and Bertrand Russell – Problems of Philosophy

Discuss the skeptical dream argument of Descartes’ first Meditation, as well as the meaning and importance of “the cogito” (the principle “cogito, ergo sum”) as presented in his second Meditation. Explain Bertrand Russell’s attempt to refute dream skepticism in chapter 2 of his Problems of Philosophy. Do you think Russell’s attempted refutation succeeds? Explain.