Diabetes

Diabetes

Assignment 2: Vodcast – oral presentation
Purpose: You will have the opportunity to describe the pathophysiology and pharmacological management for a ‘person/client’ who has either type II diabetes mellitus these conditions have been identified as National Health Priority Areas according to the Australian Institute for Health and Welfare. This assignment will also help you to demonstrate effective communication in oral and written English language and visual media.
• This assessment task requires you to make a 5 minute Vodcast presentation (a video with audio, written text and pictures/diagrams) about type II diabetes mellitus
• Your Vodcast has to be about a specific ‘person/client’ who has either type II diabetes mellitus

• You will need to create your own ‘person/client’ according to the following criteria*.
‘Person/client’ criteria    For example    For example    Fill in for your ‘person/client’
What is their name?    Phillip Nguyen    Julie McRoberts
What is their gender?    Male    Female
What is their age?    15 years old    68 years old
What condition do they have? (either type II diabetes mellitus or asthma)    Asthma    Type II diabetes mellitu
Are they a within a healthy weight range?    Yes    Overweight
Do they exercise?    Phillip wishes he could play more sport    Walks with a friend every morning
What is their occupation?    Student    Retired teacher – cares for two grandchildren under 5 years of age three times a week.
What is their living status?    Phillip lives with his parents and two younger sisters    Julie has an adult family and lives on her own since her husband died 3 years ago
What is their family medical history?    Nothing relevant    Julie’s Father died of complications related to diabetes mellitus
Are they pregnant?    NA    NA
Are they a smoker?    Has tried smoking a few times    No
What is their alcohol intake?    NA    Enjoys a glass of wine at social occasions
What medications have they been prescribed?    Salbutamol    Metformin

*The examples listed in the table above are suggestions; you need to create your own ‘person/client’.
(Category A).
A commonly used drug for type II diabetes mellitus is metformin. Insulin is used to maintain normal blood glucose levels for diabetic women in pregnancy.
• You will then be required to answer a series of specific questions that relate directly to your
‘person/client’ and the condition she or he has. All of your answers must be specific for this person; marks will not be given where your presentation does not relate to the person you have ‘created’.

• The specific questions will be available on LEO at the start of week
Please be carefully answer question
You must answer the 3 questions below
1.    The following physiological processes are important for blood glucose control.
Insulin synthesis
Insulin release
Insulin binding to target tissues

Choose TWO of these and explain how they are different in your person/client in comparison to a healthy non-diabetic person.

2.    The following are some consequences of long-term poorly controlled hyperglycaemia:
Angina pectoris
Stroke
Retinopathy
Renal disease

Choose TWO of these consequences and explain why they may occur in your person/client.

3. The following drugs are used in the management of type II diabetes mellitus.
Metformin
Insulin

Choose ONE that is appropriate for your person/client. Discuss why it can be used by your
person/client by referring to its mechanism of action.

You must answer ONE of the 3 questions below

4.    For your person, list 2 risk factors that have contributed to their diagnosis of Type II DM.

Explain how/why they have contributed to your person developing this disease.

5. Insulin resistance can occur in a person with increased abdominal adiposity. Explain the pathophysiological basis for this.

5.    Explain why HbA1c is used a measure of long-term control of BGL. How will this measure be useful in the management of your person’s/client’s disease?

• You will need to research your topic; please ensure that you keep a record of any references that you have used.
• You will be required to write an annotated bibliography as part of this assignment. An annotated bibliography provides information regarding how you used the research to support your assignment.
For example: You may have used the following journal article: Pilcher, J. and Beasley, R. (2015) Acute use of oxygen therapy. Australian Prescriber 38:98-100. I used this article to examine the use of oxygen therapy for asthmatics.
• Your annotated bibliography may contain 1 to 10 citations.
• You can make your Vodcast in one of the following ways: