Differences between written and spoken
OBJECTIVES OF THIS ASSIGNMENT
In this assignment you will develop the second major section of your research paper this semester. In the literature review you will . . .
• Show that you are familiar with scholarship relevant to your research question
• Demonstrate that a specific research gap exists, which you plan to address
• Present your research question as part of the ongoing scholarly conversation
• Lay the foundation for your own contribution (methodology) to follow later
Include at least 12 reputable, scholarly sources with some bearing on your research question. An article or book may be relevant to your project even if it answers your question only partially (or possibly not at all). You can use such sources to build an argument that your research adds something new to the conversation.
DRAFTING THE LITERATURE REVIEW
Aim for 6 to 8 double-spaced pages (not including the Works Cited page). I will evaluate this assignment as a draft. You will be able to revise it when you assemble your final paper.
Don’t spend a lot of time writing an introduction or conclusion for the draft lit review. In the completed paper, the lit review will follow an introduction in which you have already presented the basic research question. The lit review will also precede the section in which you explain the unique aspects (methods) of your own research. For this assignment, concentrate on establishing your research niche.
Keep your own question front and center in the lit review. Write topic sentences that express your own point of view. Then link to what other scholars have said, and recap their most relevant principles or findings. Explain how you agree or disagree with their positions. Note the contributions they may have made that will enable you to take the scholarship one step further.
Avoid beginning and ending paragraphs with summaries or quotations from Author A or Author B. Instead, present Authors A and B in the context of the question you’re trying to answer. Comment in some way on every idea you quote or cite. Instead of quoting Author A citing Author C, track down the original source, add Author C to your Works Cited page, and quote Author C directly.
Try to become sufficiently familiar with your sources that you can integrate them in different places in the lit review. Author A may have said something useful on several aspects of your question. You don’t have to confine Author A to a single paragraph. Also, take advantage of the convention that allows you to cite several authors in a single set of parentheses. If they all said the same thing about a particular topic, you can cite them all in one place.
Maintain a professional tone; avoid contractions; insert page numbers. Use the in-text citation style and bibliographic style of the journal you’ve chosen.