Does the claim hold water

For each of the assigned readings identify one causal claim made by the author(s) and evaluate the validity or merits of that claim. Are you able to identify alternative explanations for the phenomenon in question?
Write an single space one page essay with APA style and 12 Times New Roman also with reference page
please use one paragraph for each source
sources:
Dyer, L. (2006). Critical Thinking for Business Students. Captus Press. (Chapter 5: Causal claims)( will be provided by picture files)
Kaplan, R. S., & Norton, D. P. (1992). The Balanced Scorecard–Measures That Drive Performance. Harvard Business Review, 70(1), 71–79.
Bakker, P. (n.d.). Accountants Will Save the World. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved September 17, 2013, from http://blogs.hbr.org/2013/03/accountants-will-save-the-worl/
Korten, D. C. (2001). When Corporations Rule the World. Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, Inc. (Chapter 13: The money game, and Chapter 14: Predatory finance)