Engineering

Engineering

Consider the eleven challenges to life and well-being described in the “Water For People Water For Life” document by the UN (available at http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001295/129556e.pdf) and the issue raised by the “A Water Resources Threshold…” paper (especially the points illustrated in Figure 1 and equations 1, 2 and 3). Once you do that, please craft a brief paper of no more than 1.5 pages text (~550 words) + figures and using at least three references discussing: -What is the main point made by the “Water threshold…” paper? – Is the point made by the “Water resources threshold paper…” consistent with these or not? -How would you prioritize the challenges posed by the UNESCO report and what is your rationale for that order of importance? -For the most important challenge listed in the report, how would you suggest resolving the issue? -Since we have limited resources chose the one least important challenge to which no resources will be allocated and justify why this is the last important challenge to address at the moment? As before, use the assignment template or a reasonable imitation and submit on Canvas as a PDF file. The paper will be graded on: Mechanics: -did you use the paper template and did you remain within the limit of 550 words? -did you use at least three references and were the references used properly? Content: -Are your comments on the “Water resources threshold…” paper reasonable? -Do you prioritize the development challenges, including which is most important to you with a discussion why that is the most important? -Do you give a “not impossible” concept to addressing the most important challenge, and discuss why you think this would work? -Do you discuss the least important challenge, including a discussion of why it is least important at the time?

Paper Title
Your paper introduction goes here – use it to introduce the core concept you are writing your paper around.  Notice it did not have a subheading, but this is nonetheless a very important part of your paper, especially because your thesis statement goes at the end of this first section.  In case you don’t know what a thesis statement is and how it makes a paper work, please look it up at a resource like this reference, as it is fundamental to the mechanics of a well written paper.
Proposed Technical Advancement
Present your idea for a technical advancement that could be developed in more detail here.  If useful, add in a figure/diagram/schematic that conveys your idea in better detail such as the diagram in Figure 1 below.  Notice that every single figure, table, diagram, equation, scheme, etc. should be mentioned in the text of the document (otherwise, why is it there?…)

Figure 1.  Example of a diagram of a proposed system intended to implement a specific process.
Supporting Information
This section gives you the opportunity to present information from the peer reviewed technical literature, and to critically examine those references.  You should present the specific information you are taking from your references and on which you are basing your arguments and discuss any perceived shortfalls in the papers (for example biases in the studies, experiments with no inconclusive results, or statistical analyses of what looks like noise) and the effects those shortfalls may have on the conclusions of your specific analysis.
In particular evaluate the source and quality of supporting material, since in the absence of good supporting information, the source is no better than an opinion piece.
Evaluation
This sub-section should be used to evaluate the broader consequences of implementation of your proposed new technology.  For example, is the solution applicable only to address a local issue/opportunity, or is it applicable at the national/regional/global scale? Analysis of effects on natural/built environments and impacts on human populations are useful.
Conclusion
The explanation is analogous to a concluding sentence or paragraph. In this section it is necessary to state your argument, briefly summarize the findings that support your point of view, and concisely speculate on the broader effects; in other words, this may be seen as a re-iteration/reinforcement of the interpretation and inference sections.
Bias Evaluation
The “Bias Evaluation” section requires an analysis of other authors’ biases.  This is intended to be your own self-conscious critique of your own argument(s). What factors might influence why you believe this viewpoint. Is there a way that you could remedy this, thereby making your paper more objective?