Essay

Essay

1500 words essay
This assignment involves considering an issue/problem/experience related to communication in your own life . It might be a recurring issue/problem or a ‘one-off’ experience. How do you think this issue/problem/experience might be addressed, illuminated or dealt with by one (or more) of the pragmatics concepts which have been considered so far in this unit?( http://www.doc88.com/p-8498776082418.html) to chapter 6. The assignment will be assessed in relation to the following criteria.
You should:
• identify and describe a relevant issue or topic in a specific context that you are familiar with;
• demonstrate an understanding of the concepts introduced in the readings and study notes that are relevant to your chosen issue;
• apply these concepts to a consideration of your chosen issue and context;
• write clearly and concisely in academic style;
• refer specifically to the relevant readings and study notes to introduce, illustrate and support your own personal reflections;
• provide a reference list citing all and only those references cited in the body of your essay;
• use APA referencing style;
• observe the word limits.
Your grade will be mostly determined by:
• how well the relevant issue is identified and described;
• how well your discussion of the issue is related to the theory.
Notice ( I’m from Arabic country)

be consider the relevant reading ( important )

Assignment  (1500 word essay
Summarya    This assignment involves considering an issue/problem/experience related to communication in your own life . It might be a recurring issue/problem or a ‘one-off’ experience. How do you think this issue/problem/experience might be addressed, illuminated or dealt with by one (or more) of the pragmatics concepts which have been considered so far in this unit?( http://www.doc88.com/p-8498776082418.html) to chapter 6. The assignment will be assessed in relation to the following criteria.
You should:
•    identify and describe a relevant issue or topic in a specific context that you are familiar with;
•    demonstrate an understanding of the concepts introduced in the readings and study notes that are relevant to your chosen issue;
•    apply these concepts to a consideration of your chosen issue and context;
•    write clearly and concisely in academic style;
•    refer specifically to the relevant readings and study notes to introduce, illustrate and support your own personal reflections;
•    provide a reference list citing all and only those references cited in the body of your essay;
•    use APA referencing style;
•    observe the word limits.
Your grade will be mostly determined by:
•    how well the relevant issue is identified and described;
•    how well your discussion of the issue is related to the theory.
Notice ( I’m from Arabic country)
Relevant Reading:
A Cross cultural study: Compliments in Arabic

Nelson, G., Al Batal, M., & Echols, E. (1996). Arabic and English compliment responses:  Potential for pragmatic failure.
*Archer et al (2012) Unit A10  Cross cultural pragmatics pp 110-118
*Blum Kulka, S. and Olshtain, E. (1984)  Requests and apologies: A cross cultural study of Speech Act Realisation patterns (CCSARP)  Applied Linguistics  5  3
(download from library or find at: http://www.genlingnw.ru/study/Soclinv/files/smrp/CSARP%20Blum-Kulka.pdf )
*Ogiermann, E (2008) On the culture-specificity of linguistic gender differences: The case of English and Russian apologies   Intercultural Pragmatics 5 3 pp 259–286 (download from library)
Wierzbicka, A. 2003. Cross-cultural Pragmatics. The semantics of human interaction. (2nd edition). Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter.  Chapter 2 Different cultures, different languages different speech acts, pp 25-65 (download from e-reserve – note that this chapter is split into 2 parts )

Wong J. O  Cultural scripts. ways of speaking and perceptions of personal autonomy: Anglo English vs SIngapore English Intercultural Pragmatics 1 2 pp231–248
Now, look at the CARLA website and read about the studies that have been done on refusals in  American English, Arabic, British English, Chinese, German, Japanese and Spanish.
http://www.carla.umn.edu/speechacts/descriptions.html

*From the textbook, Archer et al 2012 : Unit A5- section 1-4
*Thomas, J 1995 Meaning in Interaction – an introduction to pragmatics
Chapter 3 (pp 55 – 86) {download from e-reserve}
Grice, P. (1975) ‘Logic and conversation’, in Davidson, D. and G. Harman (eds.) The logic of grammar. Encino, California: Dickinson. {download from e-reserve}
Keenan, E. (1976) ‘The universality of conversational postulates’ in Language in society 5 (67-80) {download from e-reserve}
Sarangi and Slembrouck (1992)  Non-co-operation in communication A reassessment of Gricean pragmatics.  Journal of pragmatics 17 117-154
{download from the journal, using the library catalogue.}
Bouton L.F 1994 Conversational implicature in a second language: Learned slowly when not deliberately taught Journal of Pragmatics, 22, 2, pp 157-167 {download from the journal, using the library catalogue.}