Excerpt 4 Childhood Obesity In China, A Rich Kid's Problem

Excerpt 4 Childhood Obesity In China, A Rich Kid’s Problem

Order Description

1, the major is International Development with Economic. 2, stick on the instructions please. Thank you very much!

1 ?Excerpts from recent news items are given below; all of them are sourced
from the internet and their web addresses are given at the end of each excerpt.
Students should choose one and read the full news item from the internet and write an
essay of not more than two thousand words (2,000 words) on that news item.
2.  The excerpt chosen:  Excerpt 4 Childhood Obesity In China, A Rich Kid’s
Problem
3.  The essay should explore how microeconomic ideas and principles covered in
the semester are related to the issues surrounding the news item. A short description
of the specific context of the news item is useful, but this should not take up the main
part of the essay. The focus should be on linking microeconomic ideas with the
specific problems covered in the news item.
4. One way to start would be, after identifying one news item, look at topics
covered in lectures and identify which microeconomic principles are relevant for the
specific issues in the news item. Then refer back to lecture notes, textbooks, reading
materials and additional articles/papers and think about how the microeconomic
principles are related to the issues; this will provide the relevant ideas required to
write your essay. Doing some research to get more details can be useful to understand
the specific context in which the relevant microeconomic principles operate or fail to
operate.
5. PRINCIPLES:
Household model
Land market
Labour market
Oligopoly and cooperation
Competitive markets
Monopoly
Common property/pool resources
The public sector
Elasticity
Externalities
Consumer and producer surplus
Market supply and demand
COSTS AND SUPPLY
UTILITY AND DEMAND
Modern microeconomics

6. outline
1. introduction 250 words
2. background of the excerpt 200-300words
3. analyze the topic with related principles 1200-1300 words
4. conclusion 250words

Autumn Semester 2014
Excerpts from recent news items are given below; all of them are sourced
from the internet and their web addresses are given at the end of each excerpt.
Students should choose one and read the full news item from the internet and write an
essay of not more than two thousand words (2,000 words) on that news item. The
word count of the essay does not include references and appendices but includes
footnotes.
Before starting to write the essay, as a formative assessment, you should
prepare an outline/plan of the essay. This outline should not be more than one page
and should be in the form of bullet points. This formative assessment should be
submitted by Tuesday 2 December 2014 through Blackboard. Students will receive
feedback on the outline.
The deadline for submitting the essay is Tuesday 6 January 2015 and, like
other summative coursework, should be submitted through e-vision to the Hub.
The essay should explore how microeconomic ideas and principles covered in
the semester are related to the issues surrounding the news item. A short description
of the specific context of the news item is useful, but this should not take up the main
part of the essay. The focus should be on linking microeconomic ideas with the
specific problems covered in the news item.
One way to start would be, after identifying one news item, look at topics
covered in lectures and identify which microeconomic principles are relevant for the
specific issues in the news item. Then refer back to lecture notes, textbooks, reading
materials and additional articles/papers and think about how the microeconomic
principles are related to the issues; this will provide the relevant ideas required to
write your essay. Doing some research to get more details can be useful to understand
the specific context in which the relevant microeconomic principles operate or fail to
operate.
If there are questions please contact Bereket Kebede at [email protected]
either for an e-mail exchange and if needed to arrange a meeting.
Note that the sequence of the news items is not related to the importance of the
issues.
It’s advisable to check the web sites as soon as possible and copy the news
items since there is no guarantee that they will be kept on the web until the deadline
of the coursework.
1
Excerpt 1
Ebola crisis – the Guardian briefing
Sarah Boseley, health editor
Friday 31 October 2014 15.14 GMT
The Ebola outbreak has killed about 5,000 people in west Africa, and affected the US
and Spain, where people returning from the region have died and transmitted the
infection to several nurses. We examine the background to the disease, its spread and
its impact
What’s the story?
West Africa is experiencing the biggest outbreak of the Ebola virus ever known,
causing thousands of deaths, devastating fragile healthcare systems and damaging the
economies of countries, some of which are still recovering from civil war. Infections
are thought to be doubling every few weeks. The WHO says there were 13,700
officially registered cases by the end of October, almost all in Sierra Leone, Liberia
and Guinea, with about 5,000 deaths, but many go unrecorded and the true figure is
thought to be two to three times higher. The US Centres for Disease Control (CDC)
says that if nothing changes there could be 1.4 million cases by late January. Liberia
has shown a slight drop in the numbers, but the WHO has warned this could be
temporary. Concerns for countries bordering the epidemic region intensified when a
child died of Ebola in Mali, having travelled while sick for hundreds of miles by bus.
Outside Africa, two nurses were infected while caring for a patient in Texas who flew
from Liberia before exhibiting symptoms, as was a nurse who treated a missionary
repatriated to Madrid . The patients died but the nurses recovered. A doctor returning
to New York from Liberia also fell sick and triggered new 21-day quarantine
restrictions in some states.

From: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/25/-sp-ebola-crisis-briefing
Excerpt 2
Q&A: Migrants and asylum in the EU
By Laurence Peter BBC News
The arrival of boatloads of poor and desperate migrants in Europe has put pressure on
the EU to find a solution.
Mediterranean disasters, in which hundreds of migrants drowned, shocked Europe in
2013-2014. There have been many calls for co-ordinated EU action to intercept
people traffickers and assess asylum seekers before they reach Europe.
2
But championing the rights of poor migrants is difficult as the economic climate is
still gloomy, many Europeans are unemployed and wary of foreign workers, and EU
countries are divided over how to share the refugee burden.

From: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-24583286
Excerpt 3
China pollution levels hit 20 times safe
limit
AFP; theguardian.com, Friday 10 October 2014 09.14 BST
Visibility dropped dramatically as small pollutant particles reached dangerous levels
in northern China’s Hebei province.
Days of heavy smog shrouding swathes of northern China pushed pollution to more
than 20 times safe levels on Friday, despite government promises to tackle
environmental blight.
Visibility dropped dramatically as measures of small pollutant particles known as
PM2.5, which can embed themselves deep in the lungs, reached more than 500
micrograms per cubic metre in parts of Hebei, a province bordering Beijing.
The World Health Organization’s guideline for maximum healthy exposure is 25.

From: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2014/oct/10/china-pollution-levelshit-20-times-safe-levels
Excerpt 4
Childhood Obesity In China, A Rich Kid’s
Problem
Contrary to the West, where obesity rates are higher in poorer, less well-educated
areas, China’s overweight youth are from wealthy families. It has been dubbed a
“disease of affluence.”
BEIJING – Most Chinese parents used to consider childhood obesity a purely
Western problem. But China has been forced to face the issue over the past few years,
3
with statistics now showing rates of certain youth diseases linked to obesity have
surpassed levels in the United States.
The International Association for the Study of Obesity published a recent study that
found that more than 12% of China’s minors are overweight and one-third of children
under 17 suffer from at least one cardiovascular risk factor, including 1.9% of China’s
12-18 year olds suffering from diabetes, four times the number of their peers of the
same age group in America.

From: http://www.worldcrunch.com/culture-society/childhood-obesity-in-china-arich-kid-039-s-problem/kids-health-obesity-weightdisease/c3s17286/#.VFa_vMmLIXY
Excerpt 5
Egypt plans cash benefits in early 2015 to offset
subsidy cuts -minister
By Stephen Kalin and Lin Noueihed
CAIRO Tue Oct 21, 2014 3:33pm EDT
(Reuters) – Egypt will introduce two new cash benefits early next year as part of
government efforts to minimize the impact of subsidy cuts on the poor, a government
minister said.
President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s government raised fuel prices by up to 78 percent
shortly after he took office in June — a step that his predecessors had shunned for fear
of sparking unrest in a country where millions live in extreme poverty.
The price hikes were accompanied by a patchwork of relief measures including free
transport in army buses to offset increases in the cost of public transport.

From: http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/21/us-egypt-social-solidarity-reuterssummi-idUSKCN0IA1K120141021
4
Excerpt 6
Plenty more fish in the sea: preserving stocks in
Madagascar
Projects where local fishers manage marine areas to ensure sustainability are being
replicated across the Indian Ocean
Alasdair Harris, Guardian Professional, Wednesday 15 October 2014 09.30 BST
When some of the older residents of Andavadoaka village in southwestern
Madagascar were children, they were forbidden to swim in the sea at dawn or dusk,
for fear of attracting unwelcome attention from sharks.
Today the sharks have all gone. Fished, along with sea cucumbers, for lucrative
export markets. Most of the larger fish and invertebrates have also vanished, sold to
local markets or consumed by a coastal population that’s doubling in size every 10 to
15 years.
Rural Malagasy people in the arid south west have been hit particularly hard by the
decline in fish populations. For the nomadic Vezo communities that inhabit this
region, seafood is the sole source of protein (pdf) in 99% of household meals. Income
is just over a dollar per person per day.

From: http://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionalsnetwork/2014/oct/15/plenty-more-fish-in-the-sea-preserving-stocks-in-madagascar
Excerpt 7
2 November 2014 Last updated at 16:34
Fossil fuels should be phased out by 2100 says
IPCC
The unrestricted use of fossil fuels should be phased out by 2100 if the world is to
avoid dangerous climate change, a UN-backed expert panel says.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says in a stark report that most of
the world’s electricity can – and must – be produced from low-carbon sources by 2050.
If not, the world faces “severe, pervasive and irreversible” damage.
The UN said inaction would cost “much more” than taking the necessary action.
5

From: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-29855884
Excerpt 8
24 October 2014 Last updated at 07:45
US firm fined for underpaying Indian workers
US labour authorities have penalised a Silicon Valley company for “grossly
underpaying” eight workers from India.
California-based Electronics for Imaging paid the workers $1.21 (75p) per hour. They
worked 122 hours in a week without overtime pay.
The company said it “unintentionally overlooked” US laws on wages and overtime.
California’s minimum wage at the time was $8 per hour.
Thousands of Indians work in Silicon Valley and many own start-ups there.
Reports say that Electronics for Imaging, a printing technology firm, has to pay more
than $43,000 (£26,798) in back wages and penalties after labour regulators discovered
the violations.

From: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-29751691
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