Part 2: Guidance Strategies (NAEYC 1a, 1c, 2c, 4d, 5c, 5d) (15 points, Due Week 7)
1. Interview a sample of two early childhood educators at your assigned placement setting. Find out about their expectations for children’s behavior (What are the center or school expectations for children’s behaviors?). Inquire about ways to support the children’s needs as well as communication strategies to engage and maintain families informed about the children’s social and emotional needs. (NAEYC 2c, 5c)
2. Obtain a copy of the school/center guidance or behavior motivation plan and complete the following: (NAEYC 2c, 4d, 5c, 5d)
a. Review the plan and summarize the major points (procedures to address behavior issues, resources and available support for children and families).
b. Identify resources and strategies used to ensure communication with families who are culturally and linguistically diverse.
c. Compare the plan with what teachers use in their classrooms and comment on your findings.
d. From the plan, identify the in-school contact person in case of behavioral issues. Interview the person and find out about practices to address challenging behaviors.
3. Guidance Plan: Based on the information collected through the interviews and from your readings, create a guidance plan stating how to guide and address behavior in the classroom. Define the purpose of the classroom guidance and management plan for the age-group that you selected. Describe how it meets the developmental needs of children. (What will be your goals? In what ways your plan responds to the developmental characteristics of the group?) (NAEYC 1c)
a. Describe any specific procedures and actions to address challenging behavior (What are the steps and actions to take?). Align the behavioral expectations in your plan with the local district’s policies delineated for young children. (NAEYC 1a, 1c, 5d)
Part 3: Schedule, Classroom Design and Management Strategies (NAEYC 1a, 1c, 2c, 3b, 4d) (15 points, Due Week 7)
1. Considering the selected age group, create a sample schedule for the target age group. Describe the routines including transitions that will be used and how these meet the children’s developmental characteristics (In what ways are they appropriate for the target age group?). In a narrative, describe how these will help to maintain instructional focus. Comment on how routines and transitions will meet needs of children with disabilities and those who are culturally and linguistically diverse. (NAEYC 1a, 4d)
2. Check the classroom space requirements for your local district, state and those established by the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC). Based on the appropriate classroom space for your target age group, develop a floor plan showing how space will be appropriately distributed. (NAEYC 1a, 1c)
a. Based on the floor plan, provide as an appendix a list of learning materials to include in the environment. Include materials that will promote children’s social participation and interactions in learning activities. (NAEYC 1a, 1c, 4d)
3. Taking into account the age group that you are targeting, provide a narrative describing how the following health and safety aspects are addressed: (NAEYC 1c)
a. Describe the steps to take to ensure safety and healthy practices (including food, medications, hand washing, blood-borne pathogens and universal precautions)
b. Procedures to prepare children to respond in the event of an emergency: Provide a narrative describing how you plan to guide the children in learning how to appropriately respond to fire, weather, or other types of emergencies.
4. Describe the process for collecting information about the children’s behaviors in the classroom (How are you monitoring behavior?). Indicate the specific assessment tools and techniques that you will use to monitor children’s behaviors and interactions. (NAEYC 1a, 1c, 3b)
5. Describe the strategies to ensure communication with families: Provide a description of strategies selected to communicate with families about behavior, health and safety issues.
a. Indicate ways to facilitate communication with families who are culturally and linguistically diverse. (NAEYC 1a, 2c)
Part 4: Reflections (NAEYC 1c, 2c, 5c) (5 points, Due Week 7)
1. Reflect on the plan and describe your short- and long-term personal and professional goals relating to designing an effective and developmentally appropriate learning environment. (NAEYC 5c)
2. Comment on how findings from the teacher interviews and the review of the school/center behavior plan provided knowledge on how to appropriately apply guidance principles in the classroom. (NAEYC 5c)
3. Comment on how you applied developmentally appropriate principles in the design of the classroom schedule and in creating the classroom floor plan. (NAEYC 1c)
4. Discuss on what you consider are the most important aspects learned in determining ways to engage families in their children’s social and emotional development. (NAEYC 2c)