Health Care Systems

Given the increasing longevity of Americans and the costs of providing long-term care, anticipation of the costs should be a major element of every family’s financial planning. Current information suggests however, that very few families or individuals give this consideration. What factors might impede this advance planning? What measures might be effective in raising awareness among Americans about this important matter?

Identify the major factors that have resulted in the shift in utilization from inpatient hospitalization to ambulatory care services. What are the implications of this shift for hospitals, consumers, and the health care delivery system as a whole?

The recipients of mental health services in the US represent only a small percentage of those in need of services. Discuss the factors that impede access to mental illness treatment.

Please submit one APA formatted paper between 1000 – 1500 words, not including the title and reference page. The assignment should have a minimum of two scholarly sources, in addition to the textbook.

Below is the reading required to complete the assignment.:
Sultz, H. A., & Young, K. A. (2017). Health care USA: Understanding its organization and delivery (9th ed.). Boston: Jones & Bartlett. (Chapters 5, 9, and 10)

Here is a summary of what was covered in the course for the week:
Module 3 provided an in-depth analysis of non-hospital entities (ambulatory care, long-term care, and behavioral health services), with a focus on how the move away from hospital-based care has affected the healthcare organization and the community that it serves. This Module reviewed the major elements of ambulatory (outpatient) care. Ambulatory care encompasses a diverse and growing sector of the health care delivery system. Physician services are the chief component; however, hospital outpatient and emergency departments, community health centers, departments of health, and voluntary agencies also contribute important services, particularly for the uninsured and vulnerable populations. Ambulatory surgery is a continuously expanding component of ambulatory care, as new technology enables more procedures to be performed safely and economically outside the hospital.

The number of Americans requiring long-term care services is increasing. Advances in medical care have made a longer life span not only possible but more probable, even in the presence of ongoing chronic disease and disability. This module provided an overview of the diverse array of long-term care services presently provided in institutional, community, and home-based settings. Particular attention was given to the long-term care needs of older adults because they are the fastest growing proportion of the population in the United States today and are the major consumers of long-term care services.

Lastly, this module described the clinical characteristics of people who receive behavioral health services. Historic trends and forces affecting the distribution and kinds of care were examined and compared with epidemiological data regarding the prevalence of psychiatric disorders to hypothesize whether national needs for mental health care were being met. Evolution in the science and technology available for the treatment of psychiatric disorders was reviewed briefly. Opportunities for improvement and evidence of the impact of managed care on effective mental health service delivery were examined.

Demographic shifts will shape the future. An increasing number of debates and discussions are surfacing around the social, economic, and health implications of demographic and social change. All of these concerns present new challenges for public policy, government, business, and the health care industry. Several critical issues and trends deserve attention-the aging baby boomers, the increasing ethnic and radical diversity, the growing disparity between the richest and the poorest households, and the future burden of disease.