Instructional objectives and Bloom cognitive taxonomy

1) Question #1:
The following are some key players in the history of instructional design. Robert Mager (instructional objectives) and Bloom (cognitive taxonomy). I will discuss these educational methods and describe, compare and contrast their contributions in detail.

2) Question #2:
A researcher wants to learn whether Tutorial software package A is better than Tutorial software package B for helping 4th graders learn to do word problems in math. What would be the most appropriate way for the researcher to determine which package is best? The researcher has permission to conduct research at two schools, each school has two 4th grade classes and the total number of students is 115. The researchers are able to choose their own sampling methods. The researcher also has access to four versions of a standardized word problem test at the 4th grade level that has high validity and reliability.
• What is the best research design that the researchers can use?
• Explain why.
• Make sure that you also discuss details regarding sampling and threats to the validity of the study.

3) Question # 3:
Explain the relationship between Instructional Design and Learning Theory. Be sure to include specific examples of how the three basic theory families have contributed to Instructional Design historically and how the theories influence instructional design models.

Question # 4:
What is the relationship between Universal Design and addressing the needs of diverse populations? Identify at least one diverse group (i.e., ESL, deaf, or learning disabled, etc.) of learners and give at least one concrete example of how to apply Universal Design to assist them in learning.