Introducing Gender theories

One of the major concerns of gender theories is to explain why and how human beings end up being divided into two ‘different sorts’ of people, one being labelled as men the other as women. In particular, two aspects – among others – are relevant:First, the investigation on what basis the binary division into men and women takes place. Second, to question this binary division by looking for differences within those groups.

Answer the following questions:
1) ) Aslop et al. describe in chapter 1 that a “naturalizing approach to sex differences”(p. 31) is a prevalent way of legitimizing a hierarchical division into men and women. However, they also argue that this naturalizing approach can be used for both conservative and progressive means. Please explain in your own words what is to be understood by “a naturalizing approach towards sex differences”. Furthermore, describe advantages and disadvantages when a naturalizing approach is used for progressive ideas. Approx. 1000 words

2) The perspective of intersectionality is known for looking at differences among the group of women. Mccall (2005) specifies three different approaches of intersectionality: anticategorical complexity, intercategorical complexity and intracategorical complexity. Please explain each approach very shortly and illustrate it with a contemporary example (not mentioned in the text). Also discuss advantages and disadvantages of each approach Approx 1000 words