Introduction to Criminal Justice

1. Define and compare the Pennsylvania system and the Auburn system of confinement in full
sentences and paragraphs.
2. At midnight during a weekend, a school alarm went off, which automatically sent a message to
the local police department. Two patrol cars responded and checked all the school doors. One
of the doors, while still chained, had sufficient slack for entry. The police entered through the
door and searched the building. Hiding in the auditorium on a stage behind some curtains was
a juvenile with his faced pressed against the wall. The officers located the juvenile and
commanded him to stand up and face the wall. The juvenile complied. He cooperated with the
officers and stated no one was with him, that he had just run away. The officers took the
juvenile to headquarters, read him his rights, and questioned him. They discovered the
juvenile, age 15, had no prior history, had a fight with his parents, and ran away. Upon facing
the cold weather, the juvenile sought refuge in the school when he discovered the door was
open enough for him to enter. He was unaware of a silent alarm, but when he heard the
officers coming, he hid. They contacted his parents, who confirmed the boy had run away after
a fight with them. There was no damage to the school. What should the officers do now? Use
your textbook material to guide on how best to respond.

3. Why is it unlikely that plea bargaining will ever be completely eliminated from the American
court system? Be sure to use full sentences in a paragraph format.
4. Your text identifies three possible ways in which future American criminal courts may be forced
to adapt their routines and personnel to changing demographics. Name these and explain
them in detail using full sentences in a paragraph structure.