Introduction to ethics

1.The idea of modernity including what historical period
A. The renaissance in 14th and 15th centuries
B. The rise of modern science around 1600
C. The western enlightenment prêtions from 1687 to 1789
D. Modern art literature and architecture in the 19th and 20th centuries
E. All the above

  1. The precursor or prophet of the renaissance early in 14th century was
    A. Petrarch
    B. Shakespeare
    C. Leonardo
    D. Galileo
  2. The ultimate renaissance man due to this contribution to science ( anatomical drawing) ethics and especially art was
    A. Leonardo de Vinci
    B. Martin Luther king
    C. Michelangelo
    D. Galileo
  3. In this painting the last super, Leonardo used one point perspective to generate
    A. The head of Jesus
    B. Spatial depth of background
    C. 12 disciples
    D. Judas in the shadows
  4. Leonardo da Vinci along with fellow artists such as Michelangelo and Raphael defined what relatively brief historical period
    A. High renaissance
    B. Late renaissance
    C. Mannerism
    D. Early renaissance
  5. Michelangelo predominantly conflicted with the conservatives wing of the college of cardinals over
    A. Adam’s nudity on the central ceiling location of the Sistine chapel
    B. Eve’s nudity
    C. Pandora’s nudity
    D. King David’s nudity
  6. Luther began his 1517 protest against the Roman Catholic Church with the issue of
    A. Indulgence
    B. Ecclesiastical authority
    C. Sacramental bread and wine
    D. Drinking beer spirits
  7. —— Galileo provided telescopic evidence for Copernicus heliocentric solar system and consequently was
    A. Celebrated as a great astronomer
    B. Ignored as a lunatic
    C. Hired by a the Italian government as an astronomer
    D. Put on trial and forced to recent by the Catholic Church
  8. Renaissance western culture freed itself from the medieval monopoly on truth claimed by the Roman Catholic Church by what max Webber called the differentiation of the values spheres which included
    A. Luther dissent against the Roman Catholic claim that the pope has a theological and ethical monopoly on the correct interpretation of Christian doctrine
    B. Galileo’s challenge against the Catholic Church dogmatic rétention of Ptolemaic Aristotelian cosmology
    C. Michelangelo presumed artistic licence to paint the felling of the Sistine chapel as he saw fit, nudity included
    D. All the above
  9. The ethical theory that people should or ought to act in their self interests is
    A. Psychological egoism
    B. Ethical egoism
    C. Philosophical egoism
    D. Anti social egoism
  10. —— the founder of modern ethical egoism, implicit in his doctrines concerning private property and the market place is
    A. Martin Luther
    B. Ayn Rand
    C. John Locke
    D. Thomas Jefferson
  11. —— the 18th century thinker who thought that the pursuit of individual economic self-interest in the market place would add up to collective commonwealth was
    A. John Locke
    B. Adam smith
    C. David Ricardo
    D. Karl Max
  12. —— Since most Americans see their property ( private property) and their wealth ( private wealth) as an extension of their selfhood and will defend and protect it like their bodies ( many Americans keep a pistol or shotgun in their home for this very purpose), they assume a form of ethical egoism as the appropriate ethic for their everyday life but often don’t know that this ethic has its historical root in the liberals individualism and free market philosophy of
    A. John Locke
    B. Ayn Rand
    C. Karl Max
    D. John Stuart mill
  13. The key point of the Magna Carta was
    A. Divine right of Kong’s
    B. Divine right of queens
    C. Habeas corpus
    D. Get rich quick
  14. Which of the following philosophers are considered ‘’ social contract’m theorists
    A. Hobbes
    B. Locke
    C. Rousseau
    D. All the above
  15. —— the key figure in the triumph of the English parliamentary over the monarchy in the English civil war of the 1640’s. Memorialized even today with a statue in front of the English parliaments building
    A. John Locke
    B. Olivier Cromwell
    C. Charles I
    D. James II
  16. —— when Protestant Dutchman prince William III of the orange and Mary II rather peacefully ascended to the English throne following the departure of Catholic king James II to exile in France in 1688 -1689, this became know as the
    A. Glorious revolution
    B. Great rebellion
    C. English civil war
    D. Protectorate of England
  17. —— following the events of 1688-89 and heavily influenced by the philosopher —— the English parliament issued the English bill of rights, which stripped the British monarchy of its absolute power and proposed instead that monarchy be guided by constant of the people as enacted by parliament
    A. Olivier Cromwell
    B. Thomas Hobbes
    C. John Locke
    D. Patrick Henry
  18. —— Locke and Jefferson thought that if the reigning monarch did not conduct his office fairly and reasonably which meant recognizing certain key “natural rights’’ of the subjects and that sense break the social contract, the subjects could legitimately
    A. Revolt against the monarchical authority of the king
    B. Help themselves to the king’s treasury
    C. Spread scandalous gossip about the king
    D. Behead king
  19. —— whatever their differences, what Thomas Hobbes, st Augustine, Edmund Burke and sigmund Freud have in common in terms of the common denominator of their political
    A. Conservatives
    B. Liberals
    C. Radicals
    D. Reactionaries
  20. —— whatever their differences what John Locke, Jean-Jacques rousseau, Thomas Jefferson and Karl max have in common in terms of the common denominator of their political philosophies is that they are
    A. Conservatives
    B. Liberals
    C. Radicals
    D. Reactionaries
  21. —— the basic assumption of conservative political philosophy is that evil comes from
    A. The interior, subjective side of human nature
    B. The exterior, objective side of human nature
  22. —— the basic assumption of
    Libéral political philosophy is that evil comes from
    A. The interior, subjective side of human nature
    B. The exterior, objectives side of human natures
  23. —— the classic liberal treatise on political philosophy by Jean-Jacques Rousseau was

A. The price
B. The social contract
C. The leviathan
D. Two treatises on government

  1. —— whereas Locke saw private property as the vehicle of individual freedom from the traditional power of both church and state, Rousseau and Marx saw private property as the primary vehicle for producing
    A. Equality
    B. Inequality
    C. Liberty
    D. Solidarity