Kant, Toward Perpetual Peace Nussbaum Kant Cosmopolitanism Study Questions:

1. What is the difference between a truce and peace and which of these two is Kant arguing in favor of? (I.1)
2. What actions do Kant’s proposed rules of war prohibit? (I.6)
3. What are the rules of war intended to avoid? (I.6)
4. Which is the natural state, war or peace? (II. Introduction)
5. Does ‘peace’ mean avoiding war only, or does it mean more than that? Explain. (II. Introduction)
6. What are the three principles of a republican constitution? (First Definitive Article)
7. Why do states with republican constitutions have a better chance of achieving true peace than states without republican constitutions? (First Definitive Article)
8. Why should a league or federation of nations NOT be thought of as a single world government in which all nations are members? (Second Definitive Article)
9. Kant compares the lawless freedom of savages to the lawless freedom of so-called civilized states that wage wars of conquest and national self-interest against other states. How, according to Kant, are so-called civilized states who exercise this lawless freedom even worse than so-called savages who exercise lawless freedom? (Second Definitive Article)
10. What is the difference between a league of peace and a treaty of peace? (Second Definitive Article)
11. Does the league of peace that Kant is proposing exercise control over the state? If not, what DOES it do?
12. What is hospitality? (Third Definitive Article)
13. What limits to the right of visitation does Kant describe? (Third Definitive Article)
14. Put in your own words the argument of the last two sentences defending the right of visitation and the duty to extend hospitality to refugees and immigrants. (Third Definitive Article)