Language Development In Children

Language Development In Children

Order Description

This order includes:

1. A Term Paper (at least 1500 word)
2. Write (Make-up) 30 Multiple Choice Questions/Answers( approximately 750 word )
3. Five Annotated Bibliography (each at least 100 word, at least 500 word total)

REQUIRED CLASS TEXTBOOK:

Hulit, L. & Howard, M. Born to Talk, An Introduction to Speech and Language Development (6th Edition). Allyn and Bacon: Needham Heights, MA. (2006)

Course Requirement #1—A 1500 MINIMUM (MORE IS OK) WORD TERM PAPER

A term paper of no less than 1500 words will be written on a Topic to be selected by the students from a list of Language Development Hypotheses.  This list is provided below.  The Term Paper is to include a discussion, based on a minimum of three articles, books or chapters in a book (excluding the class Textbook), which describe, discuss, support and/or refute the hypothesis selected from the list.  A minimum of three citations with references in APA format will be included at the end of the paper.

At the end of the paper will be included a short Appendix which will answer three questions:

1.    What were the databases used to find each article.  (For example in the Communicative Disorders Multisearch example shown below we searched ten Data Bases but found most of our articles in PubMed.)
2.    What was the search strategy which was used,  i.e., the search words used in each database to find the articles.  (In the example below, we used the terms “Television and (Language Development).  We put the last two terms in brackets so that the computer would link Television to both terms and not just “Language.”)
3.    Was each article cited an example of Primary or Secondary research? As defined by the Library at UC Berkley,“

Information Competency Exercise:  LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT HYPOTHESES LIST for Student Research

1.    The effects of watching television for young children are detrimental to language development.
2.    The number of siblings and their position in the family in terms of birth effects language development.
3.    Increased opportunities to experience (play with) many objects as a young child is beneficial to concept (and hence) language development.
4.    Letting the infant cry at night so that she/she will learn to sleep all night long is detrimental to language development if not the psychological development of the baby.
5.    Exposing the child in the first five years of life to classical music like Bach and Beethoven is beneficial for cognitive and/or language development.
6.    The more you talk to a child in the first five years, the better cognitive and/or language development will be.
7.    Children who are read to (or who read) have better imagery and/or language development than children who watch Television.
8.    A plentiful diet of sugar based cereals, soft drinks, pastries, cookies, and/or fast foods, is developmentally detrimental to a child’s ability to sustain attention.
9.    Reading to a child every day (even an infant) is beneficial for language development.
10.    A baby, who immediately after birth is allowed to remain with the mother rather than being immediately put in a nursery, will demonstrate more vocalization in later months.
11.    Babies who are not touched will perish at worst or have diminished brain development at best.
12.    Children who watch Television spend less time reading or drawing than children who don’t.
13.    Children with stay-at-home moms (or dads) have better language development than those having parents who both work away from the home.
14.    Sustained middle ear infections among children from birth to 5 years will have a detrimental effect on language development.
15.    Learning to read and play music facilitates attention (focused, sustained, selective, alternating and dual).
16.    For the normal baby, being exposed to two, three or more languages is simultaneously is a good policy for language development.
17.    A persons first language can not be acquired after puberty.
18.    Parrots, porpoises, and/or primates do not acquire language
19.    Children have better eidetic imagery than adults
20.    Syntax is only found in human communication.
21.    (Wild Card) You develop a hypotheses and then do the research for your report.

The Term Papers will be graded on the following bases:

1.    Relevance and style of the References (20%)
2.    Complexity of the topic selected (10%)
3.    Thoroughness of the discussion (40%)
4.    Writing skills including spelling, grammar, transition & organization) (30%).

Course Requirement #2—A Student Test Development Project

Students will please write (make-up) 30 Multiple Choice Questions/Answers from the Textbook Reading: Three will come from each of the Ten Chapters (or the Appendix if there is no Chapter 10 in your edition). For each question, please indicate the answer, AND the page number used to make up the question. Each question should have a complete statement followed by five choices for an answer (A through E). The answers to each question are to be indicated in some manner, like an asterisk or in capitol letters. An annotated citation of the Class Textbook should be included at the end of the paper. The comment part of the annotated bibliography should focus on the most important concept you learned from the Text. An Annotated Reference is just a comment about a book or an article, and not testimonial for a job application.

For example:
8. The focus of this lecture was…
A.    Tropical Agriculture
B.    Family Planning
C.    Frustration
D.    LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT* (Page 231)
E.    All of the above

The indicated answer is D, but you do not have to use both the “*” sign and the capitalized letters as shown in “D.” Any one method will do, except please don’t use bold letters because they are often un-bolded in the email transmission.

This Class Requirement will be graded on the following bases:

1.    The relevance of the questions (20%)
2.    The complexity of the questions (not too simple, and yet not too difficult (10%)
3.    Writing skills (e.g., spelling, grammar, organization and clarity) (60%)
4.    The format and content of the Annotated bibliography (10%)

CLASS REQUIREMENT # 3–TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION AND PRACTICE:

An Annotated Bibliography will be developed including Five (100 word minimum) Annotated Citations.  With the exception of the first, these will be based on topics obtained from the Language Development Hypotheses in the list provided at the end of this survival document, and again in the Class Requirement Section online.

The First annotated citation will be on the Topic of the “Legal and Ethical Dimensions of the Use of Information.”  This information can be obtained from the Internet using a search engine such as Google Scholar.  The annotated citation should be in APA format and should include the URL (address) of the of the Internet site.  The annotation should provide an overview of the discussion and/or list the most critical points.

The second two of these citations will be obtained through Databases of professional books and journals available online through the CSUN Library.  For more information on how to find these databases please see bellow.  These citations will be reported in APA format.

Included in the annotation portion of each citation will be a paragraph which addresses briefly each following questions:

1.    What is the background (authority) of the author (viz., degree and type of education, affiliated institution, history of research in the area as perhaps reflected by past articles in the bibliography)?
2.    Who is the intended audience (i.e., professionals, laypersons, women etc.)?
3.    How dose this work compare or contrast with another you may have cited or be aware of?
4.    What is the scope and relevance of this work to the selected topic (hypothesis)?

The Last Two citations will be obtained through the Internet using search engines provided online such as “Google Scholar.”  These citations will follow an APA format as closely as possible, including the URL information.

Included in each citation will be a paragraph which addresses the following questions related to, for the purpose of this exercise, the voracity of the Website:

1.    Is the site owner/manager’s identity available and is it associated with a reputable organization, company or educational institution?
2.    What is the background (authority) of the author (viz., degree and type of education, affiliated institution, history of research in the area as perhaps reflected by past articles in the bibliography)
3.    What is the level of objectivity?  For example, are there advertisements on the site related in anyway to the topic?
4.    Is the Website current?  Cues to the contrary, for example, include broken or expired links and/or no posting date or updated notations.
5.    Is the information correct; error free, verifiable, and/or backed by full citations?

http://library.csun.edu/, CSUN ID: nk801160, PASSWORD: “      1bluefish!      “
(Please note that at various times you may be asked “to type in your CSUN User ID and Password. If you do not have these then you can look up the references individually using the CSUN Library Database).
” The Multisearch engine will allow you to search as many as ten data bases with one research strategy (i.e., words used for searching the data base).  For example the Communicative Disorders Multisearch page looks like the following.  You could type in the Search Words, “Television and Language Development ” and check off the databases we would like to search in (from one up to ten).

When you click on the “GO” button, you will get a list of the databases that have related articles, and an indication of how many there may be in each  In this case, for example, it reported that there were 210 articles in PubMed—easily enough for our needs.

Clicking on the PubMed link brings up a list of related articles as shown in part below.    The third article in particular seems to be very appropriate.

This is an article entitled “Television Viewing Associates with Delayed Language Development.”  You may be able to get an abstract or even the full text printout on this article by clicking on the “FIND TEXT” link at the beginning of the last line in the reference.  There are two benefits to be obtained from this link.  When you click on Find Text there will be an link to get “More Options.”

When you open the “More Options”  link, you will have the opportunity to choose  “Save the citation information” in whatever format you wish.

If you choose APA, it will automatically present the reference in an APA format.  You need to check it, however, as sometimes even the computer makes an error and leaves something out.
The other benefit is that we can follow the link to a database that may provide either a copy of the full abstract, or the full article itself.  Please note in the Find Text report above it states that the Full Text is available through (a database called) Wiley Interescience.  It you click on this link, you will be taken, in this case, to the abstract of this article in ActaPaediatrica, as shown below.

The following are Examples of APA format for various types of references.  Please use these as models to construct your three references at the end of the paper.  You can use these as models to construct the type of reference you have at the end if your term paper.