Law 330: Criminalisation Case Studies: Child Pornography and Child Sexual Grooming, week 6 Suzanne Ost

Law 330: Criminalisation Case Studies: Child Pornography and Child Sexual Grooming, week 6
Suzanne Ost
Suggested reading, child pornography:
(You are encouraged to read at least two of the following reading suggestions AND a selection of the newspaper articles.)

Adler, Amy 2001. ‘The Perverse Law of Child Pornography’, Columbia Law Review 101(2): 209-73 (an interesting critique of American law which is accessible electronically via Westlaw, or at http://www.ipce.info/library_3/files/adler.htm

Gillespie, Alisdair A. 2011. Child Pornography: Law and Policy. Routledge. Library electronic copy available.

Gillespie, Alisdair A. 2005. ‘Child Pornography: Balancing Substantive and Evidential Law to Safeguard Children Effectively from Abuse’, International Journal of Evidence and Proof 9: 29-49.

Gillespie, Alisdair A. 2004. ‘The Sexual Offences Act 2003 (3) Tinkering With “Child Pornography”’ Criminal Law Review 361-68.

O’Riordan, Maurice 2008 (July). ‘Editorial: To Dream a Child’, Art Monthly 211. Available at: http://www.artmonthly.org.au/artnotes.asp?aID=37&issueNumber=211

J Prichard, P Watters and C Spiranovic, ‘Internet subcultures and pathways to the use of child pornography’ (2011) 27(6) Computer Law & Security Review, 585-600.

Ost, Suzanne 2009. Child Pornography and Sexual Grooming: Legal and Societal Responses. Cambridge University Press, chapters 3 and 4. Library electronic copy available.

Ost, Suzanne 2010. ‘Criminalising Fabricated Images of Child Pornography: A Matter of Harm or Morality?’, Legal Studies 30(2): 230-256.

Williams, Katherine S. 2004. ‘Child Pornography Law: Does it Protect Children?’, Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law 26(3): 245-61.
Newspaper articles and BBC News reports on the Tierney Gearon, Nan Goldin and Polixeni Papapetrou photographs (if no link provided below, available via Nexis):

Legally Indecent?, The Times, 13 March 2001.

‘There’s nothing seedy about these pictures of my kids. They are not “child porn”. They are wholesome’, The Independent, 13 March 2001.

‘No Charges over Saatchi Photos’, The Guardian, 16 March 2001.

‘Encouraging evil’, Daily Mail, 16 March 2001.

‘The pics are okay…but I wouldn’t put them on view; Readers’ give verdict on nudes display’, The Mirror, 17 March 2001.

‘The notional paedophile now dictates what we can look at’, The Guardian, 4 October 2007. Available at: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2007/oct/04/comment.comment1

‘Naked fear on display’, The Times, 30 September 2007.

‘Art or abuse? Fury over image of naked girl’, The Independent, 8 July 2008. Available at: http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/australasia/art-or-abuse-fury-over-image-of-naked-girl-862068.html

‘Child abuse artist Graham Ovenden jailed for two years after ‘unduly lenient’ sentence is reviewed’, The Independent, 9th October 2013.
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/crime/child-abuse-artist-graham-ovenden-jailed-for-two-years-after-unduly-lenient-sentence-is-reviewed-8868358.html
Suggested reading, child sexual grooming:
(You are encouraged to read at least two of the following reading suggestions.)

Craven, Samantha, Brown, Sarah and Gilchrist, Elizabeth 2006. ‘Sexual Grooming of Children: Review of Literature and Theoretical Considerations’, Journal of Sexual Aggression 12(3): 287-99.

Gillespie, Alisdair A. 2006. ‘Indecent Images, Grooming and the Law’, Criminal Law Review 412-21.

McAlinden, Anne-Marie 2013. Grooming’ and the Sexual Abuse of Children (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Library electronic copy available.

McAlinden, Anne-Marie 2006. ‘“Setting ‘Em Up”: Personal, Familial and Institutional Grooming in the Sexual Abuse of Children’, Social and Legal Studies 15(3): 339-62.

Ost, Suzanne 2009. Child Pornography and Sexual Grooming: Legal and Societal Responses. Cambridge University Press, chapters 3 and 4. Library electronic copy available.
Robinson, Paul H. and Darley, John M. 2004. ‘Does Criminal Law Deter? A Behavioural Science Investigation’, Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 24: 173-205.
Wider reading:

Quayle, Ethel, Erooga, Marcus, Wright, Louise, Taylor, Max and Harbinson, Dawn 2006. Only Pictures? Therapeutic Work with Internet Sex Offenders. Dorset: Russell House Publishing.

J Mooney and S Ost, ‘Group Localised Grooming: What is it and What Challenges does it pose for Law and Society?’ (2013) 25(4) Child and Family Law Quarterly, 425-450.

Questions
1. Outline what you believe to be the strongest justificatory reasons for the existence of the criminal offence of possessing child pornography.
2. Has there been a ‘moral panic’ about child pornography and images of naked children?
3. Is the offence relating to the possession of non-photographic, pornographic images of children (NPPIC) defensible?

4. Outline what you believe to be the strongest justificatory reasons for the offence related to child sexual grooming.
5. Is the offence related to grooming likely to deter would-be child sex abusers?