Legal Traditions

Scenario #1
Joe is a corrections officer in a juvenile detention center and works on a unit housing 15 offenders, many of whom suffer from mental health problems. Joe has
worked there for about two months. He feels comfortable with his job and has been accepted by the other staff members. He has not had any significant
problems with the juveniles and is generally enjoying his work.
It is lunchtime on Monday, and Joe is in the dining room supervising the juveniles as they eat. At one table sit six juveniles, one of whom is a 17-year-old named
Brian, whomJoe thinks has a mental disability. Brian is displayingoffensive behavior that is so bad that Joe cannot eat his own meal. Brian keeps adding ketchup
in vast quantities to every dish, then slurping it from the plate. Brian uses his hands instead of a fork. Brian talks with his mouth full, causing him to spit his food
across the table in front of the other juveniles. Joe can see that the other juveniles are repulsed by Brian’s behavior and are getting upset by his actions.

Joe is surprised to see his coworker and mentor Darren suddenly get up from where he is seated, go over to Brian, grab him by his shirt, and move him away
from the table. Darren takes Brian off to the kitchen and returns with a large mixing bowl. In front of everyone, Darren tells Brian to scrape out what is left of his
meal into the large bowl. Darren then takes Brian to the center of the dining room floor, puts the bowl of food on the floor, and tells him to eat. Darren tells
Brian that he has disgusting manners, and if he is going to act like an animal while eating, he may as well get down on the floor like a dog and eat from his bowl.
Darren tells Brian to stay on the floor and lick his bowl clean, like the animal that he is. The other juveniles are visibly upset at what Darren has done.
Joe does not do or say anything to Darren while this is going on, though he is taken aback by his coworker’s actions. Later, Darren explains to Joe and other staff
who were present that the reason he acted this way was to shock Brian into understanding that his table manners were inappropriate. Darren thought if he used
“tough love” on Brian that he would be less likely to act that way in the future.

Scenario #2
You are working the midnight shift as a police officer. You receive a call to respond to a one-car accident where the car left the roadway and impacted with a
tree. Upon your arrival, you see the badly damaged car up against the tree. There are no skid marks apparent and no witnesses around. You approach the car
and find the apparent driver behind the wheel. You immediately recognize the driver to be the mayor of your town. You immediately notice signs that the mayor
is impaired by alcohol, including the smell of an alcoholic beverage coming from his breath, the slurring of his speech, and the lethargy he is exhibiting. The
mayor tells you that he swerved to avoid a dog, lost control and hit the tree. The mayor is not injured. When you ask the mayor if he has consumed alcohol, he
tells you that he was at retirement dinner and only had one glass of wine. The mayor asks you to just complete an accident report and give him a ride home. You
question him further, telling him you are concerned that he was driving while impaired. The mayor tells you that he is not impaired and not to worry about
anything because you never actually saw him driving. The mayor goes on to tell you that he will not say anything to anyone, and he lets you know that he has a
lot of influence with what goes on at the police station, and that he has had his eye on you as an up-and-comer. You know that you could just complete an
accident report identifying the cause of the accident as swerving to avoid an animal in the roadway. If you do not tell anyone that the mayor was drinking and he
does not tell anyone, what is the worst that could happen?
Scenario #3
You are a new officer. An armed robbery takes place on your route where the store clerk has been stabbed and you respond with numerous other, more
experienced officers. At the scene, you and another experienced officer find a car parked in an odd manner, adjacent to the store that got robbed. One officer
reviews the surveillance footage and is able to broadcast a description of the suspect. You run the license plate on the car you found and learn that the owner
matches the general description of the suspect. Additionally, you learn that the registered owner of the car only lives a couple of blocks away. You and the more
experienced officer respond to this address to attempt to locate the car owner and see if they were involved. When you get to the apartment of the registered
owner, you notice that the lights are on within the apartment and you can hear noises coming from within. No one responds to your knocks on the door. You
radio this information into the shift commander, and ask permission to kick the door in based upon the circumstances. The shift commander radios back that
you should not enter, and to secure the apartment until detectives arrive. Your more experienced partner becomes upset and states that he is not going to let
the detectives make his arrest.

Pick one of the scenarios to address: You should recognize a variety of ethical dilemmas as you read through this case study. Identify each ethical dilemma.
Explain what the dilemma is and why it raises an ethical issue. Explain which facts are important to understanding the nature of the issue. What ethical theories
would you rely upon in determining how to best handle each situation? Identify what personal values you may call upon in making a decision as to how to
handle the situation. What duties are involved in the situation, and to who or what is the duty owed? Do the duties conflict at all, and if so, how?
Specifically, the following critical elementsmust be addressed:
I. Ethics and Society Overview
a. Describe the impact society has on ethical behaviorin law enforcement. Use specific examples to support your claim.
b. Determine why it is important that society has a say on ethical expectationswithin law enforcement. Why is it important for law enforcement to
listen?
c. Explain the relationship between society and the development of law. Defend your response with specific examples.
d. Assess the importance of society’s role in the development of law. Why is it important for lawmakers to listen?
e. Analyze the relationship between morality and ethics within American law enforcement.
f. Explain how society’s changing viewsmay impact ethical guidelines within American law enforcement. Defend your response.
Select one (1) of the scenarios and answer the following questions.
II. Scenario
Select one (1) of the scenarios and answer the following questions.
a. Identify the ethical dilemmaraised by the facts and explain what the ethical dilemma is.
b. What makes this dilemma ethical? What ethics does this dilemma challenge?
c. Describe the factors that led to the dilemma. How can these factors inform your course of action?
d. What implicationsshould be considered when determining your course of action? Why

III. Ethical Theories and Personal Values
a. Identify the ethical theory you would rely upon to address this dilemma, and describe why it would be effective.
b. How do you separate personal morals from ethics, and why is this important?
c. When is it appropriate to let your morals guide your actions? Why?
IV. Duties
a. Describe your course of action if you were faced with this dilemma. Why would this reaction be appropriate and effective?
b. What is your responsibility as a professional in this scenario? Defend your response.
c. Does your ethical responsibility take precedence over your personal views? What do you do if the two are conflicting?
d. Identify the impact of society’s changing views of acceptable behavior as it applies to a criminal justice practitioner’s duties