McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality pages 381-384

McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality pages 381-384

Critical Read attached McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality pages 381-384 and answer all questions 1-5. You are required to provide 2pages. You must support your assertions with at least 2 citations in current APA format. You use the Bibl

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Critical Read attached McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality pages 381-384 and answer all questions 1-5. You are required to provide 2pages. You must support your assertions with at least 2 citations in current APA format. You use the Bible and scholarly journal articles as sources.

Topic: McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Model of Personality

2 Pages

Question/Prompt:

1.Examine McCrae and Costa’s five-factor model of personality.

2.Pick one of the factor’s listed (extraversion, neuroticism, openness, agreeableness, or conscientiousness) and describe 1 person in Scripture that you would consider to be high in that area and 1 person in Scripture that you would consider to be low in that area.

3.Please use the same factor for both people and support your stance with Scripture.

4.You must support your assertions with at least 2 citations in current APA format.

5.You may use , the Bible, and scholarly journal articles as sources. The Bible may not be the sole reference used in the thread.

Chapter 13 McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Trait Theory 381
In Search of the, Big Five,
The study of traits was first begun by AllpOrt and Odbert in the 193os and continued
by Cattell in the 194os and by Tupes, Christal, and Norman in the 196os (see John
Srivastava, 1999, for a historical review of the Five-Factor Model, or the Big-Five).
In the late l97os and early 19803, Costa and McCrae, like most other factor
researchers, were building elaborate taxonomies‘of personality traits, but they were
not using these classifications to generate testable hypotheses. Instead, they were
simply using- facto’r- analytic techniques to examine the stability and structure of
personality. During this time, Costaand McCrae focused initially on the two ma’m
dimensions of neuroticism and extraversion;-.
Almost immediately after they discovered N and E, Costa and McCrae found
a third factor, which they called openness to experience. Most’ of Costa and
McCrae’s early work remained focused on these threedimensions (see, for-exam-
ple, Costa &’ McCrae, 1976; Costa, Fozard, McCrae, & Bosse, 1976). Although
Lewis Goldberg had first used the term “Big Five” in 1981 to describe the consis-
tent findings of factor analyses of personality traits, Costa and McCrae continued
their work on the three factors. 7 I t t , .‘ I
Five Factors Found ‘ – ‘ ‘ t ‘ 1
As late as 1983.,McCArae and Costa were arguing for a three-factor model of person-
ality. Not until _198§.did they begin to report work on the five factors of personality. p
This work, culminated in their new five-factor personality. inventoryzthe MQ;EI
(Costafic McCrae, 1985). The NEO-PI was a revision of.an- earlier unpublished per-
sonality [inventory that measured only the first three dimensions; N, E, and 0.. In the
1985 inventory, thelast two dimensionseagreeableness and conscienfiousness-lwere i
still the least well-developed scales, having no subscales associated with. them.
Costa and McCrae (1992.) did not fully

Chapter 13 McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Trait Theory 383
Costa and McCrae’s Five-Factor Model of Personality
Extraversion High Scores Low Scores
affectionate reserved
joiner loner
talkative quiet
fun loving sober
active passive
passionate unfeeling
Neuroticism anxious calm
temperamental even-tempered
self-pitying self-satisfied
self-conscious comfortable
emotional unemotional
vulnerable hardy
Openness imaginative down-to-earth
creative uncreative
original conventional
prefers variety prefers routine
3 curious uncurious
liberal conservative
Agreeableness softhearted ruthless
trusting suspicious
generous stingy
acquiescent antagonistic
lenient critical
good-natured irritable
Conscientiousness conscientious negligent
hardworking lazy
well-organized disorganized
punctual late
ambitious aimless
persevering quitting
m“
The fifth factor-conscientiousness-describes people who are ordered, con-
trolled, organized, ambitious, achievement focused, and self-disciplined. In general,
people who score high on C are hardworking, conscientious, punctual, and perse-
vering. In contrast, people who score low on conscientiousness tend to be disorga-
nized, negligent, lazy, and aimless and are likely to give up when a project becomes

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