Music

1. Music Revolutionaries One theme we have explored all quarter long is the role musicians have played in addressing and responding to various forms of political, social and cultural oppression and unrest. These music revolutionary’s used their music to challenge systematic tyranny oppression, or who attempted to bring about or actively support radical social or cultural change, often in the face of danger (in many cases, their own lives at stake). Discuss the capacity of music to express discontent and challenge authority. Using the class lectures posted in Modules, identify two non American world music revolutionaries (not named Fela Kuti or Bob Marley) from two different continents, and discuss specifically how your two chosen musicians exhibit the Music Revolutionary ideal. Consider what was important or pioneering about each individual. What was the nature of their rebellion or protest? How effective were they in their course of action? What were the repercussions against them? Lastly, discuss how the experiences of music revolutionaries you have selected, are similar and/or different than the experiences of music revolutionaries in the United States? Minimum 300 words. 2. Music Spiritualism Another theme we have frequently returned to throughout the quarter is the spiritual significance of music, and the role of music to inspire spiritual expression and reflect and affect beliefs and values of any particular cultural group or individual; or as Ravi Shankar said “The highest form in music is spirituality.” Discuss the connection between music and spirituality, and the capacity of music to assist in the expression of human spirituality, ritual or religious experience. Using the class lectures posted in Modules, identify two specific examples from different regions of the globe, and discuss specifically how they reflect this deep connection between music and the supernatural, and how the music is used to facilitate spiritual practice. Also consider how this connection between music and spirituality might also be problematic for some. Lastly, discuss how these experiences of music spiritualism you have selected, are similar and/or different than the experiences of music spiritualism in the United States? Minimum 300 words. 3. Song Analysis Listen to the following two song examples and discuss the similarities and differences between the sound of Cuban Son and the sound of North American (Nuyorican) Salsa. Minimum 100 words Estudiantina Invasora – “Soneros Son” (Afro-Cuban Son) World Music a Global Journey Track 9: Soneros Son / Afro-Cuban Son (Links to an external site.)Links to an