Philosophy

Discussion Question A

Socrates Today: A jury of 501 Athenian citizens convicted Socrates of impiety and corrupting the youth and sentenced him to death. What made Socrates seem so dangerous to the authorities? Certainly his philosophical inquiries earned him numerous enemies. In his search for wisdom Socrates questioned many of the political and cultural elite of Athens and forced them to display their ignorance and hypocrisy. Since the time of Socrates many others have also been imprisoned or executed because people in power have found their ideas dangerous. In addition, censorship continues to be a policy advocated by some as an important means for preserving the social order. How much have things changed since Socrates’ death? What should society do about the dissemination of threatening ideas?

Discussion Question B

Logic & Fallacies: A fallacy is a defective argument, where the reasons for a conclusion may sound compelling, but the justification is not present in the premises. We see this most often in the media, in the news, commentary, and commercials. What was the last fallacy you encountered (please do your best to name it and be specific)? What was the context?