Step 1: Develop your thesis statement
This course includes four main branches or fields of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and socio-political. A good way to start thinking about the topic question is to try to answer the question from the point of view of each of these branches. Note that the information you jot down is what you think and is based solely on your viewpoint in response to the topic. In your Locker, you’ll find an Essay planning chart with the essay topic in the centre and the four branches of philosophy in four corners. You can use this chart to transfer your notes in response to the following development questions.
Your answers here can be very brief; you’ll get a chance to expand on them later. Think of this as just basic note-taking.
What criteria are required to call a society “good,” from a metaphysical perspective?
What criteria are required to call a society “good,” from an epistemological perspective?
What criteria are required to call a society “good,” from an ethical perspective?
What criteria are required to call a society “good,” from a socio-political perspective?
Examine the points you’ve made. What do they all have in common? Is there an underlying moral or political position to them? After thinking about your notes some more and moving ideas around, you will be able to define and write your thesis statement.
Step 2: Write your thesis statement
Here are five possible thesis statements in response to the question “What is a good society?”
Society is good when people do the right thing.
A good society is not one where people have no human rights.
A perfect society is one where criminals are punished so that they will not reoffend.
Before it can become good, our society needs to crack down on organized crime.
A good society is one where people receive according to their needs and provide to others according to their abilities.
Which response do you think would set the scene for a thesis statement (your main argument or position) on the topic?
Show Suggested AnswerSave
How did you do? The correct answer is 5. Keeping this example in mind, create and write your own thesis statement, one that most accurately reflects your viewpoint.
Step 3: Plan and do your research
At this point, you’ve established your position on what you think a good society is. Your next step is to collect evidence to support your position. You should keep a concise record of your search sites and sources as you will need to quote them using APA format when you submit your essay. You can do research and use quotations from the resources and information presented in the course and you can also include research that you’ve found online and at your local library.
Once you have a fairly large list of evidence, take a look at the philosophers and the philosophical concepts discussed in this course. Locate the philosophers whose positions would agree with yours, and see what they had to say. Next, look online or at your local library to continue your research to find information and quotations that will support your thesis statement.
When doing your research, keep an eye out for the following:
Key and concise quotes: if the philosopher can summarize his or her argument in a few sentences, use those.
Explanatory paragraphs: you won’t use these directly, but you can summarize them in your essay through paraphrasing (there are notes for you on paraphrasing in the third section of this lesson).
Good work! So far, you’ve established your thesis statement. You have broken it down into key elements according to the four main branches or fields of philosophy you studied. You’ve researched those elements and the philosophers who support it. Now you are ready for the next step: developing three body paragraphs.
Write the body paragraphs
When making your choices of branches or fields of philosophy and philosophers to quote in your three paragraphs, consider the following:
strength of the argument – this is related to and supported by the branch of philosophy
variety of arguments – some branches might have more arguments, and more diverse arguments, than others
variety of supporting philosophers – some branches have more philosophers who agree with your position
impact of supporting philosophers – you generally get more strength in your position by quoting from the more famous and influential philosophers than the less well-known ones
relevance of supporting philosophers – some philosophers directly address the points you make, while others just “sort of, kind of, maybe” support your position
Remember that it is important to apply logic to all your position arguments. If you want to refresh your memory about logical, deductive arguments, check back to Lesson 2. Also, keep in mind that the quotations and arguments from other philosophers are there to support your original case, not replace it. Be sure that most of the writing in your paragraphs is your own, and only seasoned by the researched philosophers.
Repeat this process for all three of your body paragraphs.
Good work! Now, all you have to write are the introductory and concluding paragraphs. You’re almost there!
Write the introductory paragraph
The introductory paragraph is often one of the last paragraphs written in an essay because it is a one-paragraph summary.
When a reader has read your introductory paragraph, they should know precisely what you’re going to be talking about and your exact position on the topic. They should be able to determine what the main topic is, as well as the number of subtopics you will be addressing and the order in which they will appear.
Take a look at this sample introductory paragraph:
The tension caused by the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union was the result of aggressive leadership from the superpowers. Under Stalin’s command, the Soviet Union advanced westward towards Germany, converting Nazi-occupied countries into Soviet puppet states. Stalin then set about extending his influence not just into Europe, but also into Asia. Under his command, the Soviet Union also involved itself in a series of non-military competitions with its chief rival, the United States. Stalin was directly responsible for the hostilities between the two superpowers for most of the second half of the twentieth century.
Now answer the following questions.
What is the topic of this essay?
Show Suggested AnswerSave
What is the topic of the first body paragraph?
Show Suggested AnswerSave
What is the topic of the second body paragraph?
Show Suggested AnswerSave
What is the topic of the third body paragraph?
Show Suggested AnswerSave
What is the writer’s opinion (the thesis statement) on the topic of the paragraph?
Show Suggested AnswerSave
How did you do? If you found that your answers did not match those provided, have another go at breaking down the sample paragraph. Then, when you are happy that you understand the example, follow the same steps to write your own introductory paragraph. Here are a few notes to summarize what you have to do:
Your general statement (the opening sentence) should summarize the main topic of the essay. It should describe exactly what will be discussed.
The next three sentences in an introductory paragraph outline the arguments and subtopics you will raise to support or explain the main topic. These are essentially one-sentence summaries of your three body paragraphs. They should appear in the same order as they do in your essay.
The concluding sentence identifies the author’s opinion on the subject. This is the thesis statement.
Write the concluding paragraph
Your concluding paragraph is exactly that – a conclusion. It is not simply a restatement of either your thesis or your introductory paragraph. The reader has just absorbed all your information, but now needs a summary of everything you have told them. So you synthesize your thesis statement and your three body paragraphs, and restate them concisely for the reader in your concluding paragraph.
Checking your first draft
Lesson 20: Final thoughts and theories
You have written three body paragraphs and an introductory and concluding paragraph. You have also created a list of possible quotations with sources from different philosophers to insert in those paragraphs.
Before you move on to the Assessment of Learning, here are some tips to follow so your first draft is as good as it can be, and so you have all the information you need to provide accurate text for the examiner to assess.
Quoting from secondary sources
After each quote, you need to provide a source for that quote. Look again at APA citation style, which is in your Locker. You will most likely be acquiring your information from a website or a book source. In either case, be sure to include the author’s last name and the year of publication; if there is no author, as is often the case with a website, then provide the name of the website (for example, www.un.org).
Quotations should be inserted in text using quotation marks. For example:
Socrates said, “The unexamined life is not worth living.”
If your quotation is longer than three lines, it should be separated from the paragraph and indented on both sides, as in the following example. Note that if you use this style, you don’t need quotation marks.
A quote from Alfie Smith:
Like any major event in history, World War I was not the result of a singular event, but the result of several factors, carefully built up over preceding decades, which all came to a head simultaneously, thrusting Europe and the colonized world into war. True, a series of pre-existing alliances and military agreements drew one nation – and its colonies – into the conflict, but there was more to it than simple contractual obligations. The nations involved possessed the will and even desire to go to war against each other, for a number of reasons. There was deep resentment between France and Germany, based on previous military encounters. Great Britain and Germany were competing for naval supremacy. And there was also desire for territorial expansion, especially by Germany and Russia.
When you read a text and want to use the information from it but not quote directly, you need to paraphrase the information; that is, you write it in your own words. Paraphrasing is not simply changing a few words. This is important to know for all the writing projects you submit now and later in your career.
Checking for typographical errors
It’s a good idea to check your first draft for typographical and grammatical errors. Read through the essay to spot them and make corrections. You can also use the spell-check provided with your word-processing software or run your essay through an online spell-check – but don’t rely solely on it. You will do a final check on the final draft of your essay, but it’s best to do a preliminary one at this stage.
You are near the end of this course. This is your final Assessment of Learning, which is used to evaluate your work based on established criteria and to assign a mark. Your teacher will provide you with feedback and a mark. This Assessment of Learning is worth 24% of your final mark for the course.
There are two Tasks in this Assessment of Learning.
Task 1: Complete your essay
In this lesson, you have prepared and written five paragraphs on the topic “What is a good society?” You have written an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph.
You conducted extensive research to find philosophers who support your definition of a good society. Now you should insert the collected research into those paragraphs.
First, reread your paragraphs. Each paragraph should meet the following criteria:
It supports the thesis statement you developed, explaining what you think a good society is
It has a logical, step-by-step explanation of your position, from the point of view of a specified philosophy branch
It has a general statement, at least three points, and a concluding sentence
When inserting your research, for each point select the quote or idea that best matches and supports it. As evidence (in this case, your quote or theory from a philosopher), it should immediately follow the point it is supporting. You may, if you wish, have multiple ideas or quotes linked to one point.
Check your introductory and concluding paragraphs
Reread your introductory paragraph. It should include the following:
A general statement that introduces the overall topic of the essay
A summative sentence in sequence for every body paragraph that appears in your essay
A thesis statement that puts forth, in a simple manner, your position on the overall topic
Reread your concluding paragraph. It should synthesize your thesis statement and your three body paragraphs, and restate them concisely for the reader.
Compelling correspondence is essential to the achievement all things considered but since of the changing idea of the present working environments, successful correspondence turns out to be more troublesome, and because of the numerous impediments that will permit beneficiaries to acknowledge the plan of the sender It is restricted. Misguided judgments.In spite of the fact that correspondence inside the association is rarely completely open, numerous straightforward arrangements can be executed to advance the effect of these hindrances.
Concerning specific contextual analysis, two significant correspondence standards, correspondence channel determination and commotion are self-evident. This course presents the standards of correspondence, the act of general correspondence, and different speculations to all the more likely comprehend the correspondence exchanges experienced in regular daily existence. The standards and practices that you learn in this course give the premise to additionally learning and correspondence.
This course starts with an outline of the correspondence cycle, the method of reasoning and hypothesis. In resulting modules of the course, we will look at explicit use of relational connections in close to home and expert life. These incorporate relational correspondence, bunch correspondence and dynamic, authoritative correspondence in the work environment or relational correspondence. Rule of Business Communication In request to make correspondence viable, it is important to follow a few rules and standards. Seven of them are fundamental and applicable, and these are clear, finished, brief, obliging, right, thought to be, concrete. These standards are frequently called 7C for business correspondence. The subtleties of these correspondence standards are examined underneath: Politeness Principle: When conveying, we should build up a cordial relationship with every individual who sends data to us.
To be inviting and polite is indistinguishable, and politeness requires an insightful and amicable activity against others. Axioms are notable that gracious “pay of graciousness is the main thing to win everything”. Correspondence staff ought to consistently remember this. The accompanying standards may assist with improving courtesy:Preliminary considering correspondence with family All glad families have the mystery of progress. This achievement originates from a strong establishment of closeness and closeness. Indeed, through private correspondence these cozy family connections become all the more intently. Correspondence is the foundation of different affiliations, building solid partners of obedient devotion, improving family way of life, and assisting with accomplishing satisfaction (Gosche, p. 1). In any case, so as to keep up an amicable relationship, a few families experienced tumultuous encounters. Correspondence in the family is an intricate and alluring marvel. Correspondence between families isn’t restricted to single messages between families or verbal correspondence.
It is a unique cycle that oversees force, closeness and limits, cohesiveness and flexibility of route frameworks, and makes pictures, topics, stories, ceremonies, rules, jobs, making implications, making a feeling of family life An intelligent cycle that makes a model. This model has passed ages. Notwithstanding the view as a family and family automatic framework, one of the greatest exploration establishments in between family correspondence centers around a family correspondence model. Family correspondence model (FCP) hypothesis clarifies why families impart in their own specific manner dependent on one another ‘s psychological direction. Early FCP research established in media research is keen on how families handle broad communications data. Family correspondence was perceived as an exceptional scholastic exploration field by the National Communications Association in 1989. Family correspondence researchers were at first impacted by family research, social brain science, and relational hypothesis, before long built up the hypothesis and began research in a family framework zeroed in on a significant job. Until 2001, the primary issue of the Family Communication Research Journal, Family Communication Magazine, was given. Family correspondence is more than the field of correspondence analysts in the family. Examination on family correspondence is normally done by individuals in brain science, humanism, and family research, to give some examples models. However, as the popular family correspondence researcher Leslie Baxter stated, it is the focal point of this intelligent semantic creation measure making the grant of family correspondence special. In the field of in-home correspondence, correspondence is normally not founded on autonomous messages from one sender to one beneficiary, yet dependent on the dynamic interdependency of data shared among families It is conceptualized. The focal point of this methodology is on the shared trait of semantic development inside family frameworks. As such, producing doesn’t happen in vacuum, however it happens in a wide scope of ages and social exchange.
Standards are rules end up being followed when performing work to agree to a given objective. Hierarchical achievement relies significantly upon compelling correspondence. So as to successfully impart, it is important to follow a few standards and rules. Coming up next are rules to guarantee powerful correspondence: clearness: lucidity of data is a significant guideline of correspondence. For beneficiaries to know the message plainly, the messages ought to be sorted out in a basic language. To guarantee that beneficiaries can without much of a stretch comprehend the importance of the message, the sender needs to impart unmistakably and unhesitatingly so the beneficiary can plainly and unquestionably comprehend the data.>