Plato/How does Plato distinguish and justify his distinction between genuine
knowledge and right opinion?
The exam has two questions. Answer both questions.
1. (Two pages, 50 points) How does Plato distinguish and justify his distinction between genuine
knowledge and right opinion? In your answer discuss the three major approaches which Plato takes to
a. psychological: based on the structure of the rational soul
b. epistemological: based on the establishment of standards of truth and knowledge
c. metaphysical: based on a theory of reality
To answer question (1) you should rely on your lecture notes, the Plato lecture (pdf), Plato’s allegory of
the Cave, and Plato’s Divided Line. All of the latter material is on iLearn.
2. (Two pages, 50 points) Question 2 has two parts. Answer both parts.
(2a) In your own opinion, how do you understand the relationship between psychology, epistemology
and metaphysics? (2b) Can the question “what can we know?” be answered apart from considering the
questions “what is the structure of the mind?” and “what is most real in the universe”?
Formatting instructions and deductions
• Name, student ID, class hour in the header (Please, please, please learn to insert a proper
header. Don’t just type this information at the “top” of the page.)
• 1 inch margins on all sides
• Page numbers in the header
• Text double spaced
• 12 point, standard font
10 point deduction for each violation of the above
1 point for each grammatical error
10 point deduction for page length violation. Two pages means two full pages. No more, no less.
10 point deduction per quote exceeding ten words. I prefer that you not quote at all but put the
text into your own words. If you do quote be sure to cite the quote in the manner appropriate to your
discipline. If you don’t have a discipline yet, select a citation style of your choice (APA, MLA,
Turabian, Chicago). If applicable, for Plato quotations or when you refer to passages of Plato give the
Stephanus page numbers as well in parentheses. For instance,
Plato thinks that blah, blah, blah (510c)