Primary Health Care – A town report

Primary Health Care – A town report
Value: 25%
Due date: 06-Apr-2018
Return date: 30-Apr-2018
Length: 800 words
Submission method options
EASTS (online)

Task
Introduction:

Australian society is diverse in many aspects. Our population is located in many different settings, from metropolitan cities, large towns, to smaller rural towns and isolated localities and properties. Australians come from many different cultural backgrounds, educational opportunities, work situations and life experience. Each of these combined with factors such as a person’s gender, age, economic situation and family supports will impact on a person’s health status and health care needs. Availability and access to resources and services directly influences the health care that you provide as a nurse.
A key skill for effective nursing practice is identifying the resources accessible to a person, their capacity to access resources and services and to consider how these factors impact on the person’s engagement with health care services.

Assessment Task:

Report: How do the available services in a rural or regional town support the health and well-being of the community?

Select one of the following towns in New South Wales

• Hillston
• Tullamore
• Griffith

Prepare a report that discusses:

• The town and its location;
• Health care, education, employment and social services available to the people who live there;
• The distances that may be required in travel to access additional services, such as specialists and allied health professionals.
You may choose to illustrate this component of your report with a simple map of the town that shows:
o its location to regional centres
o the key services available to the community

Include in your report a discussion of:

• Factors particular to this town that might impact upon the health and well-being of the community
• How factors such as low income, cultural background, chronic health problems (i.e. social determinants of health) would impact a person in this town when accessing health care services.

Conclude your report by identifying:

• The services available within the town to assist those who may be disadvantaged in meeting their health needs;
• How these services align with the Principles of Primary Health Care.

NB: This assessment will provide the background for Assessment Task 2.

As a starting point for undertaking this assessment activity review the following chapters:

• McMurray, A., & Clendon, J. (2015). Community Health and Wellness. Primary health care in practice. Chatswood: Elsevier Australia – Chapter 1 (pp. 4-23).
• Deravin-Malone, L., & Anderson, J. (2016). Chronic Care Nursing: A Framework for Practice. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press – Chapter 5 (pp. 65-75).

On-line sites that will be helpful when exploring the town you have chosen for your report include:

• Australian Bureau of Statistics https://www.abs.gov.au/
• My Hospital Website https://www.myhospitals.gov.au
• My Healthy Communities website https://www.myhealthycommunities.gov.au/
• NSW Department of Education https://www.dec.nsw.gov.au/
• Local council websites

You may also need to explore nearby towns/cities that may provide services not available in the town you have chosen.

Rationale
This assessment task requires consideration of the availability of services that support health within a specific community, in order to discuss health, Primary Health Care (PHC) and the Social Determinants of Health (SDoH).

This assessment item relates to the following learning outcomes:

1. Be able to explain differing concepts of health for individuals, families and communities, including Indigenous Australian communities and Linguistically Diverse communities
2. Be able to examine the philosophy and principles of primary health care in relation to social determinants of health, and their relevance to Indigenous Australian communities and vulnerable Australian population groups.
4. Be able to describe the Australian Health Care System and identify opportunities within it for the application of primary health care strategies.

Marking criteria
Criteria High Distinction
100% – 85% Distinction
84% – 75% Credit
74% – 65% Pass
64% – 50% Fail
49% – 0% Mark
Identify the availability of health care services for population of chosen town. Identifies all health care services available for the entire population of the chosen town.
(20-17.5)
Identifies significant health care services available for the entire population of the chosen town.
(17.4-15)
Identifies all health care services available for the majority of people in the town.
(14.9-12.5)
Identifies most health care services available for a few groups in the town.
(12.4-10)
Identifies few or irrelevant health care services.
(>9.9) 20
Identify Principles of Primary Health Care and discuss how they align with service provision
Lists Principles of Primary Health Care and explains how they align with the chosen town and discusses how this influences care to the population.
(30-26.5)
Lists Principles of Primary Health Care and explains how they align in relation to chosen town.
(26.4-22.5)
Discusses Principles of Primary Health Care in relation to most services available in the town. (22.4-19.5) Lists Principles of Primary Health Care and discusses a few services available in the town (19.4-15) Incomplete identification of Principles of Primary Health Care.
(>14.9) 30
Discuss Social Determinants of Health and outline their impact on access to health care services
Discusses Social Determinants of Health relevant to the town and explains how they impact on health care services.
(30-26.5)
Discusses Social Determinants of Health relevant to the town and outline how they impact on health care services.
(26.4-22.5)
Identifies and discusses a Social Determinant of Health relevant to the chosen town. (22.4-19.5) Discusses one Social Determinant of Health and its impact on a persons access to health care services in the town. (19.4-15) Incomplete identification of Social Determinants of Health or failure to connect it to the town. .
(>14.9) 30
Use of evidence & referencing. The discussion is supported by 4 or more relevant and credible sources.
APA in-text & end-of text referencing guidelines are error free & consistently applied.

(10-8.5) The discussion is supported by 3 – 4 relevant and credible sources.

There are some minor errors in APA in-text &/or end-of text referencing.

(8.4-7.5) The discussion is supported by 2 – 3 relevant and credible sources.

There are noticeable errors in APA in-text &/or end-of text referencing. Minor editing & revision is needed.
(7.4-6.5) The discussion is supported by 2 relevant and credible source.

Attempt to use APA referencing with frequent & noticeable errors in both in-text &/or end of text referencing.
(6.4-5) References used are not relevant or credible.

There is overuse of large quotes (more than 10% of the total word count).

Referencing is insufficient, absent or incorrect reference system used.
Multiple errors make it difficult to identify the source.
(>4.9)
10
Presentation & writing style Writing is cohesive, easy to understand, uses correct sentence structure, paragraphing, punctuation and spelling. There are no errors.
(10-8.5) Writing is cohesive, easy to understand, uses correct sentence structure, paragraphing, punctuation and / or spelling with only 1 – 2 errors.
(8.4-7.5) Writing uses correct sentence structure, paragraphing, punctuation and / or spelling but has some errors that do not greatly impede readability.
(7.4-6.5) Writing contains multiple errors in sentence structure, paragraphing, punctuation and / or spelling that make it difficult to understand in places.
(6.4-5) Writing lacks coherent structure and language choice and / or errors make it difficult to understand

Please see ALLaN before you submit any future assessments.
(>4.9) 10
Total 100

Presentation
All items of assessment must be word processed and not handwritten. Leave 2 cm margins and double line space your work, so that there is ample space for markers to comment. In addition,

•Font must be 12pt, unless otherwise indicated.
•All pages must be numbered.
•Student name and number must be included in the header or footer of every page of every assignment.
•A title page must accompany your written assessment task and include the subject name and code, title of the assessment task, due date, lecturer’s name, student name and student number.
Requirements
Referencing
Correct and consistent referencing is an important component of producing professional and credible academic work. Marks will be awarded for high quality referencing.

Please refer to the following text for information on how to reference your paper:

American Psychological Association (APA). (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington DC: APA.

Information to support use of APA 6th edition style referencing is also available on the CSU website.

https://scci.csu.edu.au/salusjournal/wp-content/uploads/sites/29/2013/05/APA-Referencing-Summary.pdf

Students may also access CSU’s Academic Referencing Tool (ART) which provides detailed referencing examples for the referencing style – APA 6. This resource can be accessed at https://apps.csu.edu.au/reftool/apa-6

TURNITIN
In the School of Nursing, Midwifery and Indigenous Health, all written assessments are processed through TURNITIN by the academic post submission. TURNITIN is a plagiarism checking service which checks the assessment for unoriginal content and improper citation.
For students, TURNITIN has a pre-emptive education function which students may use to check their own work prior to submission. Students are encouraged to use TURNITIN to support them in their learning