Identify a problem at either your school or workplace; you can use a former school or workplace if you prefer.
Develop a plan for resolving the problem.
In arguing this point, you are essentially selling your ideas. Imagine that the school or business will hire you to integrate and execute this plan if the ideas are strong enough. In articulating a plan, you must also examine the possible roadblocks that could arise—in other words, you must incorporate a counterpoint.