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Paper details:

In less than one page (could be one paragraph), explain
a) the significance of p; and
b) the derivation of ? (lambda) and its relationship to hydrostatic and lithostatic stress in the upper 5
km of the earth.
c) Referring to the Hubbert and Rubey article, what is the significant of Figure 7, and why did the authors choose to illustrate their argument with this figure? One paragraph will be sufficient.
D) Using words, diagrams, and equations, develop the low-angle thrust fault paradox. Your answer need only be one very concise paragraph, in addition to any diagrams and equations that you utilize.