Introduction to Public Health
Congratulations! Since you have shown great promise as a public health student, the Health and Wellness Foundation has asked that you begin the process of creating a health education / health promotion / disease and injury prevention program. One of the first steps is to prepare a needs assessment, the steps for which are outlined below. Your program can be set either locally in NY, elsewhere in the U.S., or in another country.
Below are the steps you need to follow in order to prepare your needs assessment. Please read all the instructions and prepare thoughtful, concise, well-written responses to all questions. This assignment is worth 20% of your grade.
Please use 1-inch margins, 12-point font, and double-space your responses. Save this document as your own and type your responses under each question. You must use APA style format to reference your work. Follow, the guidelines below for response length. Your responses in total should be no less than 1000 words. Please note; you may not use quotes. All writing should be in your own words.
Who is your target population? (For example, you could write “I would like this intervention to focus on families with children ages 2-5”) (1-2 sentences)
In what geographic area is your target audience contained? (A state, county, city, or neighborhood?) (1-4 sentences)
In general, what health topic or concern you would like your intervention to address? (1-2 sentences)
Describe some of the basic demographics you know about this community. (Rural, urban, high percentage of middle-income or low-income, growing population of Hispanics, aging population, employment, poverty, etc.) (1-2 paragraphs). Please use at least one reliable data source and cite your work.
5. Who do you think are the opinion leaders, or stakeholders, in your community? Describe the process you would use to try and figure this out. (Stakeholders could be individuals, organizations, community groups, key decision-makers or power structures. Remember, sometimes the people who are “officially” the decision makers are not really in charge.) Identify TWO specific individuals you would want to contact to get information about the community and provide their contact information (name, address, phone number and email/website address.) Explain why you would specifically contact these people. (1-2 paragraphs + contact information)
6. From a public health perspective, (i.e. individual, interpersonal, community and/or policy) justify why you think it is an important health concern that needs to be addressed in general and within your specified population. Be sure to include both national and local information. Please use at least two reliable sources and cite your work. These resources may be from reputable websites such as .org, .edu, .gov or .net, books, newspapers, such as the New York Times, or peer reviewed publications. Use APA style format to reference your work. (2-3 paragraphs)
7. Explain your personal reasons for having chosen this health topic, population, and setting. (1-2 paragraphs)
8. Obviously any research you do will have limitations, you can never find everything out about a community. What do you think the limitations are of your research? (For example, how representative of the community are the people that you wrote down as contacts? What cultural factors might be at play that they are not telling an outsider? Are there historical factors influencing the community regarding this health issue?) (2 paragraphs)