1 How did the transcontinental railroad network promote the post–Civil War transformation of American industry?

2 How did the American economy come to be dominated by monopolistic corporations in industries such as steel and oil, and what was the public and governmental response to these huge combinations?

3 Why was the South generally excluded from industrial development, and what were the economic, social, and racial problems that the region faced as a result?

4 How did industrialization alter American society, particularly the role of the working class and of women?

5 Why did late-nineteenth-century American labor unions generally fail to mobilize American workers?