1.CENTRAL QUOTATION. Quote a sentence (or excerpts from linked sentences) from the text that you think is central to the author’s (or authors’) implicit or explicit argument(s). Always cite the page.
2. ARGUMENT. In a few sentences, state the author’s explicit or implicit argument. Be sure to include both: what the author is arguing for, and what s/he is arguing against. This is the most challenging part of the exercise and brilliant, condensed precis will win you high praise.
3. QUESTION. Raise a question which you think is not fully, or satisfactorily, answered by the text. The question should be a question of interpretation or of inquiry, not simply a question of fact.
4. EXPERIENTIAL CONNECTION. Say, in a few lines only, how the argument confirms or contradicts your own experience or common sense.
5. TEXTUAL CONNECTION. Connect the argument of this text to an argument or point you find in another reading assignment covered in this course or one you have picked up from earlier study or elsewhere. Present a quote from the other text (citing it properly), and explain how the present text/argument contrasts with, contradicts, confirms, clarifies, or elaborates the other text’s argument or point.
6. IMPLICATIONS. Lay out what this argument (#2 above) implies for understanding or improving society, relations between individuals, or groups (e.g., inter-ethnic, nations, etc.) or any facet of social or cultural reality (a few sentences only).