Research study on how language can shape our cognition

  1. Describe (A) one research study on how language can shape our cognition (i.e., the Borodosky studies), and (B) one study on how repeated lies can influence our behavior. For each study, make sure to include a description of what the researchers did and what they found. Then, conclude by explaining (C) how you think people or psychologists should use this knowledge (why does this knowledge matter)?
  2. Describe (A) research on how Facebook likes are used to make predictions about people’s personality, and (B) research on how companies can use this information about personality (from Facebook likes) to manipulate people’s behavior. Conclude by explaining (C) whether you think it is ethical for companies to use knowledge about people in this way (and why / why not), and other ways we could use this knowledge as a society.
  3. Pick one psychological difference between men and women discussed in lecture or in the readings (e.g., toy preference, mating preferences, aggression) and (A) describe what the data show about this difference (B) summarize the nature and nurture explanation for this difference, and (C) conclude with an explanation of which argument (nature, nurture, or both) you find more convincing (and why) and how we should use this knowledge.
  4. Summarize (A) the results of the shooter task from our class dataset and the original study. Then (B) explain how the results of the shooter task demonstrate the principle of both availability bias and interference. Finally, conclude by explaining (C) how we should use this knowledge.
  5. In your own words, describe ONE of the studies about infant cognition (from the Gopnik video). Make sure your response includes the following : (A) how researchers studied the way infants think, (B) what results the researchers found, and (C) how researchers might use this knowledge (i.e., who cares about these results?)
  6. Describe (A) one study that shows neuroscientists are able to make valid predictions about people’s behavior using brain scans, and (B) two problems with neuroscience methods (make sure to relate these problems to the concepts of reliability and validity). Conclude by (C) explaining whether you think people’s behavior will ever be perfectly explained by neuroscientists (why / why not) and how we should use this knowledge.
  7. (A) Define sensory integration, sensory context, and sensory experience and (B) give a specific example of each. Finally, conclude with (C) an explanation of what these examples suggest about our perception and how we could (or should) use this knowledge in real-life.