Select a product or service and provide a summary of the main environmental implications resulting from its production and consumption.Briefly evaluate the significance of these environmental impacts. consider the environmental impacts across the lifecle.

Select a product or service and provide a summary of the main environmental implications resulting from its production and consumption.Briefly evaluate the significance of these environmental impacts. consider the environmental impacts across the lifecle.

Order Description

Course :
Sustainable Business Development student year 3

Essay 1 (20%): 500 words
Assessment Summary
At this stage is only required Essay 1 -Essay 1 (20%): 500 words
Both essays should focus on the same product or service
Feedback from Essay 1 should be taken into account when planning and writing Essay 2

Essay 1
Select a product or service and provide a summary of the main environmental implications resulting from its production and consumption. You should justify the selection of the topic and briefly evaluate the significance of these environmental impacts. You are advised to consider the environmental impacts throughout the lifecycle.
Essay 2
Essay 2 should provide a more detailed account of the environmental impacts associated with the product or service selected in Essay 1. On the basis of this analysis, you should discuss how these environmental impacts can be mitigated.
Your answer should draw on secondary research regarding production and consumption data on the product or service. You should identify the stakeholders involved and consider the role of technological innovation and environmental regulation in promoting sustainable practices.

Guidelines
Essay 1

Select a product or service and provide a summary of the main environmental implications resulting from its production and consumption. You should justify the selection of the topic and briefly evaluate the significance of these environmental impacts. You are advised to consider the environmental impacts throughout the lifecycle.

*The word limit for Essay 1 is 500 words
*Essays between 450 and 550 words are within the accepted range
*References are not included in the word count for Essay 1
*You should write in essay format,
*but you can use bullet points to summarise some of points

Essay 1 Structure
Introduction: explain the choice of product/service
Main body: Discuss the main environmental impacts associated with the product
Conclusion: Summarise your findings and briefly mention how you will expand the topic in Essay 2
References
Choice of product or service
You can choose either a tangible product or a service
Products can be either durable or consumable
Examples of durable products: automobiles, electrical appliances, electronics, furniture…
Examples of consumable goods: food, cleaning supplies, fuel, printer paper…
Examples of services: transport , telecommunications…
You can be more or less specific in the choice of product/service.
For instance, both of the following product choices would be acceptable
A chocolate bar
Cadbury’s dairy milk

Environmental impacts of products and services

*A product or service may have environmental impacts at different stages of its lifecycle
*Environmental impacts at the production sphere

– Raw materials: are any valuable ecological resources used in order to manufacture the product or deliver the service? (e.g. rare minerals)
– Energy required at the production stage: is the product or service energy intensive?
– Water use
– Impact on the local ecosystem (such as forests or rivers). Are any polluting substances resulting from the production process?
– Has the consumption of the product/service increased? You can identify some data on consumption trends
– Is it a product with a long life-cycle or does it have to be replaced frequently?
– How much energy and other resources are used in the consumption of the product/service?
– What are the environmental impacts associated with the disposal of the product? Can it be re-used or recycled?

* It is important to cite the sources of information in the text
* If you use any graphs, tables or figures, you also need to cite them
* Specify the extent of environmental impacts whenever possible
For instance, you can identify data regarding the typical energy consumption associated with your chosen product instead of simply noting that the product is energy intensive

Suggested Sources
Journals
Journal of Industrial Ecology
Global Environmental Change
Ecological Economics
Energy Policy ,Research Policy
Websites

www.wrap.org.uk/ information on improving efficiency, recycling and the circular economy
www.epa.gov US environmental protection agency
www.forumforthefuture.org Independent organisation working with businesses in sustainability projects
www.unep.org Link to the United Nations Environmental Programme