SURVEY OF UNITED STATES HISTORY
Competency 1002.1.2: The Early Republic and the American Civil War – The graduate analyzes the
challenges of partisan politics and sectionalism in the Early Republic and Civil War eras.
The adoption of the Constitution in 1787 established a strong federal government for the United States and
codified the principles of a country that balanced the interests of divergent political, social, religious, and
economic groups. The logistical necessities of organizing these interests on a federal level contributed to
the establishment of national political parties during George Washington’s first term in office. Though
President Washington warned of the dangers of factionalism in his farewell address, the advantages these
organizations possessed for achieving their policy goals made parties an integral part of the political
system. During the first half of the nineteenth century, the United States experienced a period of
tremendous territorial expansion. The challenges resulting from the spread of political and social
institutions—most notably, slavery—across the continent deepened sectional divisions into a national crisis
by the 1850s. The Civil War was the bloodiest conflict in American history, and the war and its aftermath
profoundly altered the political, social, and economic characteristics of the United States.
In this assessment, you will explain the characteristics of the First Party System in the United States and
its legislative consequences. You will also examine the growth of the sectional divisions in the United States
during the nineteenth century leading up to the outbreak of the Civil War.
A. Explain (suggested length of 1–2 paragraphs) the reasons for the rise of partisan politics in the Early
Republic (i.e., major conflicts and concerns, development of the First Party System).
B. Discuss the development of the Second Party System (suggested length of 1–2 pages) by doing the
1. Compare the platforms of the Whig and Democratic parties.
Note: You may include both similarities and differences of the two parties.
2. Describe the leaders and constituents that defined each party.
3. Explain how the Second Party System contributed to increased democratization of American politics.
C. Discuss the major movements and events that led to the Civil War (suggested length of 2 pages) by doing
1. Explain the pro-slavery and abolitionist arguments of the antebellum period.
2. Describe the role of westward expansion in increasing sectional tensions.
3. Evaluate how three major events (e.g., significant legislation, territorial conflicts, court cases, political
debates) contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War.
D. Provide acknowledgement of source information, using in-text citations and references, for quoted,
paraphrased, or summarized content.
1. Include the following information when providing source references:
• location of information (e.g., publisher, journal, or website URL)
Note: APA citation style is the WGU standard. For tips on using APA style, please refer to the APA Resources
web link found under General Information/APA Guidelines in the left-hand panel in Taskstream.
Note: No more than a combined total of 30% of a submission can be directly quoted or closely paraphrased
from outside sources, even if cited correctly.
Note: For definitions of terms commonly used in the rubric, see the Rubric Terms web link included in the
Evaluation Procedures section.
1.Rubric Terms link opens in new window