The Great Tang-Song Transformation
[It is a paper about Chinese history]
Convention describes the Song dynasty as a “turning point” in Chinese history. Prior to this era, an aristocratic culture placed more value on bloodline than ability
and the apex of society embraced only a small number of old families. In addition, economic activity and urbanization were rather modest in the Tang while government
institutions were also limited in this time (PPT W.7.4, slide 17). However, compared to the Tang, the Song had become a brilliant and innovative age characterized by
rapid economic growth as well as social and cultural changes. These changes include the expansion of civil-service examinations, the rising prominence of scholar-
officials, the rise of Neo-Confucianism, re-definition of gendered space, thriving artistic and literary achievements, and an affluent urban culture (PPT W.8.1).
write an essay to elaborate some of the above-mentioned aspects to illustrate the new developments during the Tang-Song Transformation.