The hierarchical organization of the cells in the human body.

  1. Describe the hierarchical organization of the cells in the human body. What does each do?
  2. What is celiac disease?
  3. What is the definition of digestion? Why do you think this is key to all illness and disease?
  4. Ok, so walk me through what occurs when eat. For example, when we put food in the mouth, what happens first? Who are the players? This is going to be a long answer! Remember, there is not quiz for this chapter, so I am looking at how thoroughly you answer this!
  5. What is mechanical digestion and what is chemical digestion?
  6. What do you think would happen if a person had a condition that caused them to have a spastic colon (the act of peristalsis contracts spastically and not methodically along the gastrointestinal tract. The muscle contractions are happening all at once rather than one by one)?
  7. What are enzymes? Why are they important?
  8. What are Villi and why are they SO important to our health?
  9. What is simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, and active transport?
  10. What is the circulatory system and what is the lymphatic system?
  11. Why is the large intestine called the large intestine?
  12. Approximately how long is the small intestine and the large intestine?
  13. What happens when we weaken the esophageal sphincters and why do we often see this with people with eating disorders?
  14. List five digestive disorders.
  15. What are some strategies to eating more plants?
  16. Why to vegans and vegetarians need to be selective and more aware of what they are eating?
  17. What are phytochemicals?
  18. What are the polyphenols? Why are they important to have in our diets on a daily basis? Which is the most abundant?
  19. What are the carotenoids? Phytoestrogens?
  20. Do you agree with the statement that current research does not support any meaningful nutritional Benefits associated with eating organic foods compared with conventional foods, etc? Why?
  21. What makes the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid different from the typical American diet?