The role of ‘community’ in youth justice in Canada (see for example YCJA preamble)
1. Choose one [ (a) through (e)] of the following policies/responses to youth crime/issues.
a) Community policing for youthful offenders
b) Use of high frequency device (i.e. ‘Mosquito) to emit an irritating high pitched noise that people over 25 cannot hear ( see for example: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/story/2009/03/30/mtl-mosquito-loitering-0330.html)
c) Prediction of risk as a practice in relation to youth justice in Canada (e.g. as an assessment tool, as a classification tool etc.)
d) The role of ‘community’ in youth justice in Canada (see for example YCJA preamble)
e) Amendments to the Declaration of Principle in Bill C-10 (adds denunciation and specific deterrence as principles to youth sentencing).
2. Locate pertinent resources. Your textbook is a good start, but you are also expected to engage with relevant academic resources outside of required readings.
Identification of the problem
– What is the nature of the problem being addressed by the policy/approach?
– Who recognizes it as a problem?
– Who defines the condition as a problem?
– What are the causes of the problem?
– What is the basis for legitimacy and where does authority lie?
– What is the degree of agreement regarding the policy?
Identification of Value Criteria or Ideological Premises
– Is there ideological support for the policy and, if so from where does it come?
– What is (are) the measure(s) of effectiveness for this policy?
– Is there gender, race, class, bias in the policy?
– How efficient and economic will the policy be?
Assessment of the Alternatives
– What are possible alternatives to the policy?
– Evaluate the policy in relations to intended goals and identified means.
– Is there a logical link between the policy and the problem goals identified?
– Based on your analysis, determine whether you would recommend the policy/approach or advise against it (briefly give reasons for your choice).
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