The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

Why did Congress pass the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002? (b) What was the purpose of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002?
Initial post with book as source, in text citation and reference, two replies. I have to wait on replies. when peers upload their initial post after I upload my post. Short replies are needed as long as they go with the initial post.