Read “Vitruvius and the Origins of the Orders: Sacrifice and Taboo in Greek Architectural Myth,” by George L. Hersey, Perspecta, vol. 23 (1987), 66-77.
(available on JSTOR and as a PDF in Blackboard)
- How has Vitruvius’s reputation changed in the last hundred years? What is the current perception or opinion of Vitruvius’s work?
- What is a caryatid and what historical event inspired its invention, according to Vitruvius?
- What is a Persid and what historical event is cited by Vitruvius as the inspiration for its invention?
- What proportions did the Ionians use for the Doric columns in their temple to the Pan-Ionian Apollo? How did they come to use these proportions and why?
- What does Vitruvius mean by “entasis”?
- How are Ionic columns similar to caryatids? How do they relate to the bodies of women?
- What inspired the invention of the Corinthian order?
- What is the larger “plot” of Vitruvius’s five tales?
- What does the author mean by “taboo”? Why are the rules for the orders so important?
- Cite three examples of temple parts that are named for and/or resemble elements of ritual sacrifices.